Opportunities and barriers to effective operation and maintenance of public toilets in informal settlements: perspectives from toilet operators in Kampala

Tonny Ssekamatte, John Bosco Isunju, Bonny Enock Balugaba, Doreen Nakirya, Jimmy Osuret, P. Mguni, Richard Mugambe, B.J.M. van Vliet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Although classified by the Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) as unimproved sanitation facilities, public toilets still play a critical role in eliminating open defecation in informal settlements. We explored perspectives of toilet operators on opportunities and barriers to operation and maintenance (O&M) of public toilets in informal settlements. A cross-sectional study design was used. Up to 20 in-depth interviews were used to obtain data on the experiences of public toilet operators. Thematic content analysis was used. Ressults show that opportunities for improving O&M include; operation of public toilets is a source of livelihood; operators are knowledgeable on occupational risks, and the community is involvedin sanitation activities. Barriers to effective O&M include; high operation costs, failure to break even and a lack of investments in occupational health Therefore, there is need to recognise the significance of public toilets as a viable alternative to open defecation in areas where ownership of private sanitation facilities is difficult. Failure to observe the health and safety of toilet operators may further compromise O&M.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)359-370
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Health Research
Volume29
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Fingerprint

Sanitation
Defecation
Maintenance
Occupational risks
Toilet Facilities
Health
Public Facilities
Ownership
Occupational Health
Cross-Sectional Studies
Interviews
Safety
Costs and Cost Analysis
Monitoring
Costs

Keywords

  • sanitation
  • occupational hazards
  • exposure
  • risk
  • hygiene

Cite this

Ssekamatte, Tonny ; Bosco Isunju, John ; Enock Balugaba, Bonny ; Nakirya, Doreen ; Osuret, Jimmy ; Mguni, P. ; Mugambe, Richard ; van Vliet, B.J.M. / Opportunities and barriers to effective operation and maintenance of public toilets in informal settlements: perspectives from toilet operators in Kampala. In: International Journal of Environmental Health Research. 2018 ; Vol. 29, No. 4. pp. 359-370.
@article{b73693d2a07d49df8e4ac505f5dc35ef,
title = "Opportunities and barriers to effective operation and maintenance of public toilets in informal settlements: perspectives from toilet operators in Kampala",
abstract = "Although classified by the Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) as unimproved sanitation facilities, public toilets still play a critical role in eliminating open defecation in informal settlements. We explored perspectives of toilet operators on opportunities and barriers to operation and maintenance (O&M) of public toilets in informal settlements. A cross-sectional study design was used. Up to 20 in-depth interviews were used to obtain data on the experiences of public toilet operators. Thematic content analysis was used. Ressults show that opportunities for improving O&M include; operation of public toilets is a source of livelihood; operators are knowledgeable on occupational risks, and the community is involvedin sanitation activities. Barriers to effective O&M include; high operation costs, failure to break even and a lack of investments in occupational health Therefore, there is need to recognise the significance of public toilets as a viable alternative to open defecation in areas where ownership of private sanitation facilities is difficult. Failure to observe the health and safety of toilet operators may further compromise O&M.",
keywords = "sanitation, occupational hazards, exposure, risk, hygiene",
author = "Tonny Ssekamatte and {Bosco Isunju}, John and {Enock Balugaba}, Bonny and Doreen Nakirya and Jimmy Osuret and P. Mguni and Richard Mugambe and {van Vliet}, B.J.M.",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1080/09603123.2018.1544610",
language = "English",
volume = "29",
pages = "359--370",
journal = "International Journal of Environmental Health Research",
issn = "0960-3123",
publisher = "Taylor & Francis",
number = "4",

}

Opportunities and barriers to effective operation and maintenance of public toilets in informal settlements: perspectives from toilet operators in Kampala. / Ssekamatte, Tonny ; Bosco Isunju, John; Enock Balugaba, Bonny ; Nakirya, Doreen; Osuret, Jimmy; Mguni, P.; Mugambe, Richard; van Vliet, B.J.M.

In: International Journal of Environmental Health Research, Vol. 29, No. 4, 2018, p. 359-370.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Opportunities and barriers to effective operation and maintenance of public toilets in informal settlements: perspectives from toilet operators in Kampala

AU - Ssekamatte, Tonny

AU - Bosco Isunju, John

AU - Enock Balugaba, Bonny

AU - Nakirya, Doreen

AU - Osuret, Jimmy

AU - Mguni, P.

AU - Mugambe, Richard

AU - van Vliet, B.J.M.

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Although classified by the Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) as unimproved sanitation facilities, public toilets still play a critical role in eliminating open defecation in informal settlements. We explored perspectives of toilet operators on opportunities and barriers to operation and maintenance (O&M) of public toilets in informal settlements. A cross-sectional study design was used. Up to 20 in-depth interviews were used to obtain data on the experiences of public toilet operators. Thematic content analysis was used. Ressults show that opportunities for improving O&M include; operation of public toilets is a source of livelihood; operators are knowledgeable on occupational risks, and the community is involvedin sanitation activities. Barriers to effective O&M include; high operation costs, failure to break even and a lack of investments in occupational health Therefore, there is need to recognise the significance of public toilets as a viable alternative to open defecation in areas where ownership of private sanitation facilities is difficult. Failure to observe the health and safety of toilet operators may further compromise O&M.

AB - Although classified by the Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) as unimproved sanitation facilities, public toilets still play a critical role in eliminating open defecation in informal settlements. We explored perspectives of toilet operators on opportunities and barriers to operation and maintenance (O&M) of public toilets in informal settlements. A cross-sectional study design was used. Up to 20 in-depth interviews were used to obtain data on the experiences of public toilet operators. Thematic content analysis was used. Ressults show that opportunities for improving O&M include; operation of public toilets is a source of livelihood; operators are knowledgeable on occupational risks, and the community is involvedin sanitation activities. Barriers to effective O&M include; high operation costs, failure to break even and a lack of investments in occupational health Therefore, there is need to recognise the significance of public toilets as a viable alternative to open defecation in areas where ownership of private sanitation facilities is difficult. Failure to observe the health and safety of toilet operators may further compromise O&M.

KW - sanitation

KW - occupational hazards

KW - exposure

KW - risk

KW - hygiene

U2 - 10.1080/09603123.2018.1544610

DO - 10.1080/09603123.2018.1544610

M3 - Article

VL - 29

SP - 359

EP - 370

JO - International Journal of Environmental Health Research

JF - International Journal of Environmental Health Research

SN - 0960-3123

IS - 4

ER -