Opportunistic, human-pathogenic species in the Herpotrichiellaceae are phenotypically similar to saprobic or phytopathogenic species in the Venturiaceae

P.W. Crous, K. Schubert, U. Braun, G.S. de Hoog, A.D. Hocking, H.D. Shin, J.Z. Groenewald

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

103 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although morphologically similar, species of Cladophialophora (Herpotrichiellaceae) were shown to be phylogenetically distinct from Pseudocladosporium (Venturiaceae), which was revealed to be synonymous with the older genus, Fusicladium. Other than being associated with human disorders, species of Cladophialophora were found to also be phytopathogenic, or to occur as saprobes on organic material, or in water, fruit juices, or sports drinks, along with species of Exophiala. Caproventuria, and Metacoleroa were confirmed to be synonyms of Venturia, which has Fusicladium (= Pseudocladosporium) anamorphs. Apiosporina, based on A. collinsii, clustered basal to the Venturia clade, and appears to represent a further synonym. Several species with a pseudocladosporium-like morphology in vitro represent a sister clade to the Venturia clade, and are unrelated to Polyscytalum. These taxa are newly described in Fusicladium, which is morphologically close to Anungitea, a heterogeneous genus with unknown phylogenetic affinity. In contrast to the Herpotrichiellaceae, which were shown to produce numerous synanamorphs in culture, species of the Venturiaceae were morphologically and phylogenetically more uniform. Several new species and new combinations were introduced in Cladophialophora, Cyphellophora (Herpotrichiellaceae), Exophiala, Fusicladium, Venturia (Venturiaceae), and Cylindrosympodium (incertae sedis).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-217
JournalStudies in Mycology
Volume58
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Fingerprint

Venturiaceae
Herpotrichiellaceae
Venturia (Pleosporales)
Fusicladium
Exophiala
anamorphs
Apiosporina
Polyscytalum
Sports
saprophytes
Water
fruit juices
new combination
new species
phylogeny
water

Keywords

  • multilocus genotype data
  • cladosporium-carrionii
  • fonsecaea-pedrosoi
  • wangiella-dermatitidis
  • cladophialophora-ajelloi
  • primer sets
  • chromoblastomycosis
  • fungi
  • mice
  • model

Cite this

Crous, P.W. ; Schubert, K. ; Braun, U. ; de Hoog, G.S. ; Hocking, A.D. ; Shin, H.D. ; Groenewald, J.Z. / Opportunistic, human-pathogenic species in the Herpotrichiellaceae are phenotypically similar to saprobic or phytopathogenic species in the Venturiaceae. In: Studies in Mycology. 2007 ; Vol. 58, No. 1. pp. 185-217.
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abstract = "Although morphologically similar, species of Cladophialophora (Herpotrichiellaceae) were shown to be phylogenetically distinct from Pseudocladosporium (Venturiaceae), which was revealed to be synonymous with the older genus, Fusicladium. Other than being associated with human disorders, species of Cladophialophora were found to also be phytopathogenic, or to occur as saprobes on organic material, or in water, fruit juices, or sports drinks, along with species of Exophiala. Caproventuria, and Metacoleroa were confirmed to be synonyms of Venturia, which has Fusicladium (= Pseudocladosporium) anamorphs. Apiosporina, based on A. collinsii, clustered basal to the Venturia clade, and appears to represent a further synonym. Several species with a pseudocladosporium-like morphology in vitro represent a sister clade to the Venturia clade, and are unrelated to Polyscytalum. These taxa are newly described in Fusicladium, which is morphologically close to Anungitea, a heterogeneous genus with unknown phylogenetic affinity. In contrast to the Herpotrichiellaceae, which were shown to produce numerous synanamorphs in culture, species of the Venturiaceae were morphologically and phylogenetically more uniform. Several new species and new combinations were introduced in Cladophialophora, Cyphellophora (Herpotrichiellaceae), Exophiala, Fusicladium, Venturia (Venturiaceae), and Cylindrosympodium (incertae sedis).",
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Opportunistic, human-pathogenic species in the Herpotrichiellaceae are phenotypically similar to saprobic or phytopathogenic species in the Venturiaceae. / Crous, P.W.; Schubert, K.; Braun, U.; de Hoog, G.S.; Hocking, A.D.; Shin, H.D.; Groenewald, J.Z.

In: Studies in Mycology, Vol. 58, No. 1, 2007, p. 185-217.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Opportunistic, human-pathogenic species in the Herpotrichiellaceae are phenotypically similar to saprobic or phytopathogenic species in the Venturiaceae

AU - Crous, P.W.

AU - Schubert, K.

AU - Braun, U.

AU - de Hoog, G.S.

AU - Hocking, A.D.

AU - Shin, H.D.

AU - Groenewald, J.Z.

PY - 2007

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AB - Although morphologically similar, species of Cladophialophora (Herpotrichiellaceae) were shown to be phylogenetically distinct from Pseudocladosporium (Venturiaceae), which was revealed to be synonymous with the older genus, Fusicladium. Other than being associated with human disorders, species of Cladophialophora were found to also be phytopathogenic, or to occur as saprobes on organic material, or in water, fruit juices, or sports drinks, along with species of Exophiala. Caproventuria, and Metacoleroa were confirmed to be synonyms of Venturia, which has Fusicladium (= Pseudocladosporium) anamorphs. Apiosporina, based on A. collinsii, clustered basal to the Venturia clade, and appears to represent a further synonym. Several species with a pseudocladosporium-like morphology in vitro represent a sister clade to the Venturia clade, and are unrelated to Polyscytalum. These taxa are newly described in Fusicladium, which is morphologically close to Anungitea, a heterogeneous genus with unknown phylogenetic affinity. In contrast to the Herpotrichiellaceae, which were shown to produce numerous synanamorphs in culture, species of the Venturiaceae were morphologically and phylogenetically more uniform. Several new species and new combinations were introduced in Cladophialophora, Cyphellophora (Herpotrichiellaceae), Exophiala, Fusicladium, Venturia (Venturiaceae), and Cylindrosympodium (incertae sedis).

KW - multilocus genotype data

KW - cladosporium-carrionii

KW - fonsecaea-pedrosoi

KW - wangiella-dermatitidis

KW - cladophialophora-ajelloi

KW - primer sets

KW - chromoblastomycosis

KW - fungi

KW - mice

KW - model

U2 - 10.3114/sim.2007.58.07

DO - 10.3114/sim.2007.58.07

M3 - Article

VL - 58

SP - 185

EP - 217

JO - Studies in Mycology

JF - Studies in Mycology

SN - 0166-0616

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ER -