One-step synthesis of delta-MnO2 nanoparticles using ascorbic acid and their scavenging properties to Pb(II), Zn(II) and methylene blue

M.X. Wang, P. Pang, L.K. Koopal, G.H. Qiu, Y. Wang, F. Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To obtain delta-MnO2 particles with a large specific surface area, MnO2 was synthesized in an ice-water bath using ascorbic acid (AA) to reduce KMnO4. At pH 3 and 5 and KMnO4/AA molar ratios of 8/1 and 10/1, nanoparticles of delta-MnO2 were produced. The specific surface areas (SSAs) of the samples ranged from 163 to 207 m(2)/g. The Mn average oxidation state of the samples ranged from 3.88 to 3.98 and increased with the KMnO4/AA ratio and pH. The adsorption of the samples with respect to metal ion revealed pseudo adsorption capacities of 3425 mmol Pb2+/kg and 1789 mmol Zn2+/kg. The decolorization behaviors of sample S10-5 (produced at pH 5 and KMnO4/AA molar ratios of 10/1) to methylene blue (MB) were compared at different pH values and temperatures. After 120 min at room temperature, 97% of the MB was adsorbed, and approximately 68% was oxidized. The adsorbed amount and the level of oxidation increased with increasing temperature and decreased with increasing pH. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1149-1156
JournalMaterials Chemistry and Physics
Volume148
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • high-temperature decomposition
  • manganese oxide
  • structural evolution
  • oxidation-state
  • layered mno2
  • birnessite
  • adsorption
  • mechanism
  • nanobelts
  • dissolution

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