On the necessity of connectivity: linking key characteristics of environmental problems with governance modes

Karin Ingold*, P.P.J. Driessen, Hens Runhaar, Alexander Widmer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Environmental problems are often multi-faceted and complex by nature, consisting of diverse, intertwined dimensions. In this article, we argue that environmental problem characteristics have consequences for the selection of appropriate governance modes, and finally on policy effectiveness. We rely on an in-depth literature review to proceed in two steps. First, we outline three key environmental problem characteristics: uncertainties, cause–effect mismatches and norm plurality. We then outline six different governance modes capable of producing policies and solutions to tackle challenges arising from the three problem characteristics. Next, through empirical illustrations, we demonstrate the relevance of linking governance modes to these characteristics via the introduction and articulation of the concept of ‘connectivity’, i.e., linking actors, issues, sectors and scale levels towards realizing effective policy solutions for complex environmental problems.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1821-1844
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Environmental Planning and Management
Volume62
Issue number11
Early online date20 Dec 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2019

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