Recursive state and parameter reconstruction is a well-established field in control theory. In the current paper we derive a continuous-discrete version of recursive prediction error algorithm and apply the filter in an environmental and biological setting as a possible alternative to the well-known extended Kalman filter. The framework from which the derivation is started is the so-called ‘innovations-format’ of the (continuous time) system model, including (discrete time) measurements. After the algorithm has been motivated and derived, it is subsequently applied to hypothetical and ‘real-life’ case studies including reconstruction of biokinetic parameters and parameters characterizing the dynamics of a river in the United Kingdom. Advantages and characteristics of the method are discussed.
- parameter estimator