Offshore wind park monitoring programmes, lessons learned and recommendations for the future

H.J. Lindeboom, S. Degraer, J. Dannheim, A.B. Gill, D. Wilhelmsson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Over a decade of monitoring offshore wind park environmental impact triggered a reflection on the overall objectives and how to best continue with the monitoring programmes. Essentially, basic monitoring has to be rationalised at the level of the likelihood of impact detection, the meaningfulness of impact size and representativeness of the findings. Targeted monitoring is crucial and should continue to be applied to disentangle processes behind observed impacts, for instance the overarching artificial reef effect caused by wind parks. The major challenge, however, remains to achieve a reliable assessment of the cumulative impacts. A continuous international consultation and collaboration with marine scientists, managers, government officials and industry will be needed to ensure an optimisation of the future monitoring programmes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)169-180
JournalHydrobiologia
Volume756
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • renewable energy development
  • north-sea
  • communities
  • impacts
  • benthos
  • farms
  • power
  • biodiversity
  • assemblages
  • management

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