Odour abatement in the integrated reactor concept for simultaneous treatment of liquid and solid pig manure fractions

A.H.M. Veeken, V. de Wilde, H.C. Willers, H.V.M. Hamelers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

New technologies are needed for manure treatment that can capture nutrients, reduce emissions of ammonia and nuisance odours, and kill harmful pathogens. A reactor concept was developed for simultaneous treatment of separately collected liquid and solid fractions of pig manure. The liquid fraction is concentrated by evaporating the water using energy from the composting system and at the same time scrubbing ammonia from the composting off-gas by acidifying the urine to pH 4 with nitric acid. This results in two marketable products, a concentrated liquid nitrogen fertiliser (NH4NO3) without phosphorus, and a stabilised, solid organic fertiliser, which is free of pathogens and weeds. By connecting the two reactor systems, emissions of ammonia and odours are abated as ammonia emitted from the composting is trapped in the liquid fraction and odorous compounds emitted from the liquid are degraded in the composting reactor. The concept was physically simulated by coupling a 80-L compost reactor to a 10-L bubble column. Operation of the bench-scale system showed that the concept is very promising. All nutrients were captured, and emissions of ammonia and odours were almost completely abated.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)327-334
JournalWater Science and Technology
Volume50
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004

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