Occurrence of Fusaproliferin, Fumonisin B1, and Beauvericin in Maize from Italy

Alberto Ritieni, Antonio Moretti, Antonio Logrieco*, Antonio Bottalico, Giacomino Randazzo, Simona M. Monti, Rosalia Ferracane, Vincenzo Fogliano

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

92 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The occurrence of fusaproliferin (FP) was investigated in 22 samples of preharvest maize ears Fusarium rot, collected in 1994 in Italy. The most frequently recovered Fusarium species were Fusarium moniliforme and Fusarium proliferatum. Chemical analysis by high-perfomance liquid chromatography and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry identified FP (up to 500 mg/kg) in nine samples mostly infected by F. proliferatum. FP was often found to be associated with fumonisin B1 (FB1) (up to 300 mg/kg) and beauvericin (BEA) (up to 520 mg/kg). The occurrence of FP as a natural maize contaminant and its co-occurrence with FB1 and BEA is reported here for the first time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4011-4016
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Volume45
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1997
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Beauvericin
  • Contamination
  • Fumonisin B
  • Fusaproliferin
  • Fusarium
  • Maize
  • Toxins

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