Occurrence and function of enzymes for lignocellulose degradation in commercial Agaricus bisporus cultivation

Mirjam A. Kabel, Edita Jurak, Miia R. Mäkelä, Ronald P. de Vries*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The white button mushroom Agaricus bisporus is economically the most important commercially produced edible fungus. It is grown on carbon- and nitrogen-rich substrates, such as composted cereal straw and animal manure. The commercial mushroom production process is usually performed in buildings or tunnels under highly controlled environmental conditions. In nature, the basidiomycete A. bisporus has a significant impact on the carbon cycle in terrestrial ecosystems as a saprotrophic decayer of leaf litter. In this mini-review, the fate of the compost plant cell wall structures, xylan, cellulose and lignin, is discussed. A comparison is made from the structural changes observed to the occurrence and function of enzymes for lignocellulose degradation present, with a special focus on the extracellular enzymes produced by A. bisporus. In addition, recent advancements in whole genome level molecular studies in various growth stages of A. bisporus in compost are reviewed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4363-4369
JournalApplied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Volume101
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Agaricus bisporus
  • Enzymes
  • Genome
  • Lignin
  • Xylan structure

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