Occurrence and Biocatalytic Potential of Carbohydrate Oxidases.

E.W. van Hellemond, N.G.H. Leferink, D.P.H.M. Heuts, M.W. Fraaije, W.J.H. van Berkel

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51 Citations (Scopus)


Carbohydrate oxidases are found in all kingdoms of life but are mostly found in fungi. Their natural role is not always clear. Usage of molecular oxygen as electron acceptor is not a logical choice when the enzyme is part of a catabolic pathway. This chapter provides an overview of the occurrence and properties of carbohydrate oxidases. The physiological role of the different enzymes is discussed in relation to their origin, and the catalytic and structural properties are discussed in relation to their family background. It also provides a summary of the biocatalytic applications of carbohydrate oxidases. Carbohydrate oxidases are valuable enzymes for several applications. They are relatively stable and do not need expensive coenzymes. Carbohydrate oxidases are widely used in diagnostic applications, in the food and drinks industry, and for carbohydrate synthesis. They are also used for bleaching (production of H2O2) and as oxygen scavenger.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-54
JournalAdvances in Applied Microbiology
Publication statusPublished - 2006


  • amino-acid oxidase
  • gamma-lactone oxidase
  • l-ascorbic-acid
  • l-gulonolactone-oxidase
  • l-galactonolactone oxidase
  • corynebacterium sp 2-4-1
  • covalently-bound flavin
  • berberine bridge enzyme
  • tubular membrane system
  • flow-injection analysis

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