Nutrients, technological properties and genetic relationships among twenty cowpea landraces cultivated in West Africa

Y.E.E. Madode, A.R. Linnemann, M.J.R. Nout, B.J. Vosman, D.J. Hounhouigan, T. van Boekel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The genetic relationships among twenty phenotypically different cowpea landraces were unravelled regarding their suitability for preparing West African dishes. Amplified fragment length polymorphism classified unpigmented landraces (UPs) as highly similar (65%, one cluster), contrary to pigmented landraces (PLs, three clusters). UPs contained, in g kg-1 d.w., less fibre (24) and phenolics (3) than PLs (56 and 8, respectively) but had bigger seeds (200 g d.w. for 1000 seeds) and lower water absorption capacity at 30 °C (1049 g kg-1) than PLs (139 and 1184, respectively). In g kg-1 d.w., protein (255), ash (39), calcium (0.95), phytate (9.3), iron (0.07) and zinc (0.04) contents were similar. UPs genetic similarities corroborated with their chemical composition and functionality clustered by principal component analysis. Therefore, UPs are well interchangeable regarding chemical composition and suitability for boiled and fried cowpea dishes in contrast to PLs. PLs have potential for innovative product design owing to their functional properties.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2636-2647
JournalInternational Journal of Food Science and Technology
Volume47
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Keywords

  • unguiculata l. walp.
  • chickpea cicer-arietinum
  • vigna-unguiculata
  • aflp analysis
  • diversity
  • functionality
  • markers
  • protein
  • dna
  • variability

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