A putative basic DNA-binding protein (BDBP) gene was identified in the fragment EcoRI-K of the Helicoverpa armigera single-nucleocapsid nucleopolyhedrovirus (HearNPV) genome. The ORF is 330 nucleotides long encoding a basic protein of 109 amino acids with a molecular mass of 11.6 kDa. It is the first BDBP identified in single nucleocapsid NPVs and a homologue of Autographa californica MNPV (AcMNPV) P6.9. A consensus late transcription motif, ATAAG, was found at 57 nt upstream of the translational start codon and a polyadenylation signal was observed at 172 nt downstream of the stop codon. A major transcript of 620 nt was first observed in HearNPV-infected Hz2e5 cells 16 h post infection. Primer extension analysis revealed that this transcript initiated from the first residue of the consensus ATAAG late transcription start motif. Comparison with other baculoviral BDBPs showed that they all contained two conserved cAMP- and cGMP-dependent protein kinase phosphorylation motifs, R-R-R-S. The HearNPV P6.9 homologue is the longest BDBP found so far in baculoviruses.