Nucleation kinetics of emulsified triglyceride mixtures

W. Kloek, P. Walstra, T. Vliet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to determine characteristic nucleation parameters such as the surface free energy for nucleus formation in mixtures of fully hydrogenated palm oil (HP) in sunflower oil (SF). These parameters will be used to model the bulk crystallization kinetics of the same mixtures. This was achieved by determining the crystallization kinetics in emulsified triglyceride mixtures using differential scanning calorimetry, proton nuclear magnetic resonance, and ultrasound velocity measurements. The latter technique appeared to be very sensitive for monitoring the crystallization kinetics of fat dispersions containing triglycerides with a simple phase behavior. Isothermal crystallization of emulsified HP stabilized by sodium caseinate started at 7 K below the a clear point, and the kinetics were best fitted assuming heterogeneous nucleation. Isothermal crystallization of emulsified 10␑P in SF stabilized by caseinate started at 14 K below the a melting point, and the kinetics were best fitted assuming homogeneous nucleation. If the same dispersion was stabilized by Tween 20, crystallization started at 11 K below the a melting point, and the kinetics were fitted best using heterogeneous nucleation. Analysis of the temperature dependency of the fit parameters yielded a surface free energy of a nucleus of about 4 mJ?m-2 in the case of homogeneous nucleation. Pre-exponential nucleation frequencies indicated that a large proportion of the triglyceride molecule should be in the right conformation to be incorporated in a nucleus
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)643-652
JournalJournal of the American Oil Chemists Society
Volume77
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000

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