Nuclear magnetic resonance in environmental engineering: principles and applications.

P.N.L. Lens, M.A. Hemminga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


This paper gives an introduction to nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in relation to applications in the field of environmental science and engineering. The underlying principles of high resolution solution and solid state NMR, relaxation time measurements and imaging are presented. Then, the use of NMR is illustrated and reviewed in studies of biodegradation and biotransformation of soluble and solid organic matter, removal of nutrients and xenobiotics, fate of heavy metal ions, and transport processes in bioreactor systems.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)393-409
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1998


  • Biodegradation
  • Bioreactors
  • NMR imaging
  • NMR spectroscopy
  • Nutrient removal
  • Sludge
  • Solid waste


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