Novel applications for microbial transglutaminase beyond food processing

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Transglutaminase (EC initially attracted interest because of its ability to reconstitute small pieces of meat into a `steak¿. The extremely high cost of transglutaminase of animal origin has hampered its wider application and has initiated efforts to find an enzyme of microbial origin. Since the early 1990s, many microbial transglutaminase-producing strains have been found, and production processes have been optimized. This has resulted in a rapidly increasing number of applications of transglutaminase in the food sector. However, applications of microbial transglutaminase in other sectors have been explored to a much lesser extent. Here, we will present the wider potential of transglutaminases and discuss recent efforts that could contribute to the realization of their potential.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)559-565
JournalTrends in Biotechnology
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2008


  • streptoverticillium-mobaraense transglutaminase
  • cross-linked gelatin
  • celiac-disease
  • streptomyces-lividans
  • escherichia-coli
  • corynebacterium-glutamicum
  • control strategy
  • wheat-flour
  • tissue
  • expression


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