Nor-ursodeoxycholic acid reverses hepatocyte-specific nemo-dependent steatohepatitis

N. Beraza, L. Ofner-Ziegenfuss, H. Ehedego, M.V. Boekschoten, S.C. Bischoff, M.R. Müller, M. Trauner, C. Trautwein

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29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Hepatocyte-specific NEMO/NF-¿B deleted mice (NEMO¿hepa) develop spontaneous non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Free fatty acids and bile acids promote DR5 expression. TRAIL/NK cell-mediated activation of TRAIL-R2/DR5 plays an important role during acute injury in NEMO¿hepa mice. Aim To inhibit the progression of NASH in the absence of hepatocyte-NEMO/NF-kB signaling. Methods - NEMOf/f and NEMO¿hepa mice were fed with a low-fat diet, and with two anticholestatic diets; UDCA and NorUDCA. The impact of these treatments on the progression of NASH was evaluated. Results - We show that high expression of DR5 in livers from NEMO¿hepa mice is accompanied by an abundant presence of bile acids (BAs), misregulation of BA transporters and significant alteration of lipid metabolism-related genes. Additionally, mice lacking NEMO in hepatocytes spontaneously showed ductular response at young age. Unexpectedly, feeding of NEMO¿hepa mice with low-fat diet failed to improve chronic liver injury. Conversely, anti-cholestatic treatment with nor-ursodeoxycholic acid (NorUDCA), but not with ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA), led to a significant attenuation of liver damage in NEMO¿hepa mice. The strong therapeutic effect of NorUDCA relied on a significant downregulation of LXR-dependent lipogenesis and the normalisation of BA metabolism through mechanisms involving cross-talk between Cyp7a1 and SHP. This was associated with the significant improvement of liver histology, NEMO¿hepa/NorUDCA-treated mice showed lower apoptosis and reduced CyclinD1 expression, indicating attenuation of the compensatory proliferative response to hepatocellular damage. Finally, fibrosis and ductular reaction markers were significantly reduced in NorUDCA-treated NEMO¿hepa mice. Conclusions - Overall, our work demonstrates the contribution of bile acids metabolism to the progression of NASH in the absence of hepatocyte-NF-kB through mechanisms involving DR5-apoptosis, inflammation and fibrosis. Our work suggests a potential therapeutic effect of NorUDCA in attenuating the progression of NASH
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)387-396
JournalGut
Volume60
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Keywords

  • trail-mediated cytotoxicity
  • bile-acids
  • molecular characterization
  • liver-regeneration
  • knockout mice
  • expression
  • cholestasis
  • deletion
  • localization
  • mechanisms

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