Nonconvex Regularization in Remote Sensing

Devis Tuia, Rémi Flamary, Michel Barlaud

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we study the effect of different regularizers and their implications in high-dimensional image classification and sparse linear unmixing. Although kernelization or sparse methods are globally accepted solutions for processing data in high dimensions, we present here a study on the impact of the form of regularization used and its parameterization. We consider regularization via traditional squared (ℓ2) and sparsity-promoting (ℓ1) norms, as well as more unconventional nonconvex regularizers (ℓp and log sum penalty). We compare their properties and advantages on several classification and linear unmixing tasks and provide advices on the choice of the best regularizer for the problem at hand. Finally, we also provide a fully functional toolbox for the community.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7529046
Pages (from-to)6470-6480
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Classification
  • hyperspectral
  • nonconvex
  • regularization
  • remote sensing
  • sparsity
  • unmixing


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