A new catalytic membrane has been prepared using a nylon membrane grafted by -radiation with methylmethacrylate (MMA) and using hexamethylenediamine (HMDA) as spacer. Penicillin G acylase (PGA) and cephalexin were employed as catalyst and substrate, respectively. Cephalexin hydrolysis was studied in bioreactors operated under isothermal and non-isothermal conditions. A hydrolysis increase was found when the temperature of the warm membrane surface was kept constant and the temperature of the other membrane surface was kept at a lower value. The hydrolysis increase was linearly proportional to the applied temperature difference. Cephalexin hydrolysis increased to about 10 hen a temperature difference of 1°C was applied across the catalytic membrane. These results have been attributed to the non-isothermal cephalexin transport across the membrane, i.e., to the process of thermodialysis. In this way, the enzyme immobilized on and into the membrane reacts with a substrate concentration higher than that produced by simple diffusion under isothermal conditions.