Non-invasive monitoring of in vitro gastric milk protein digestion kinetics by 1H NMR magnetization transfer

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Abstract

Processing of milk involves heating, which can modify the structure and digestibility of its proteins. In vitro models are useful for studying protein digestion. However, validating these models with in vivo data is challenging. Here, we non-invasively monitor in vitro gastric milk protein digestion by protein-water chemical exchange detected by 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) magnetization transfer (MT). We obtained either a fitted composite exchange rate (CER) with a relative standard error of ≤10% or the MT ratio (MTR) of the intensity without or with an off-resonance saturation pulse, from just a single spectral acquisition. Both CER and MTR, affected by the variation in the amount of semi-solid protons, decreased during in vitro gastric digestion in agreement with standard protein content analyses. The decrease was slower in heated milk, indicating slower breakdown of the coagulum. Our results open the way to future quantification of protein digestion in vivo by MRI.

Original languageEnglish
Article number132545
JournalFood Chemistry
Volume383
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jul 2022

Keywords

  • H NMR
  • Casein coagulation
  • Magnetization transfer
  • Protein digestion
  • Skim milk
  • Two-pool exchange

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