NoC Internet Governance Case Studies Series: Aviation – The Worldwide Slot Guidelines

H. Schebesta, Giovanni Sartor

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review


This case study explores the Worldwide Slot Guidelines (WSG), which
represent a set of agreements made under the auspices of the International Air
Transport Association (IATA) in order to allocate airport capacity. The right to
use airport capacity for the purpose of takeoff and landing operations at airports is
commonly called slots, with each airport having a finite amount of airport
capacity. Thus, the slot allocation process is one of resource management: the
WSG were developed as a global industry standard to address a key constraint in
the aviation domain. The actual process of slot allocation is complex and involves
organizations and stakeholders at multiple levels, all falling under the umbrella of
IATA, a trade association representing 240 airlines. It designates particularly
congested airports, creates roles of airport coordinators, and establishes
management principles for slot allocation. Because they manage a valuable
economic resource, the transparency and independence of coordinators is of
particular concern: this has resulted in the institutionalization of a negotiating
process to ensure accountability among key stakeholders. Through an
examination of the history and key points of change in the process, the WSG case
presents an example of private sector coordinated resource management.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMultistakeholder as Governance Groups
Subtitle of host publicationObservations from Case Studies
EditorsUrs Gasser, Ryan Budish, Sarah Myers West
PublisherBerkman Center for Internet & Society
Number of pages2
Publication statusPublished - 14 Jan 2015

Publication series

NameBerkman Center Research Publication


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