No glycation required: Interference of casein in age receptor binding tests

Hannah E. Zenker, Malgorzata Teodorowicz, Harry J. Wichers, Kasper A. Hettinga*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


For the determination of the binding of heated cow’s milk whey proteins such as β-lactoglobulin to the receptors expressed on immune cells, inhibition ELISA with the soluble form of the receptor for advanced glycation end products (sRAGE) and scavenger receptor class B (CD36) has been successfully used in the past. However, binding to heated and glycated caseins in this read-out system has not been tested. In this study, inhibition ELISA was applied to measure the binding of cow’s milk casein alone, as well as all milk proteins together, which underwent differential heat treatment, to sRAGE and CD36, and we compared those results to a dot blot read out. Moreover, binding to sRAGE and CD36 of differentially heated milk protein was measured before and after in vitro digestion. Casein showed binding to sRAGE and CD36, independent from the heat treatment, in ELISA, while the dot blot showed only binding to high-temperature-heated milk protein, indicating that the binding is not related to processing but to the physicochemical characteristics of the casein. This binding decreased after passage of casein through the intestinal phase.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1836
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 9 Aug 2021


  • Casein
  • CD36
  • Immunogenicity
  • Milk protein


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