Nitrogen Fertilization Effect on Phosphorus Remediation Potential of Three Perennial Warm-Season Forages

Y.C. Newman, S. Agyin-Birikorang, M.B. Adjei, J.M.S. Scholberg, M.L. Silveira, J.M.B. Vendramini, J.E. Rechcigl, L.E. Sollenberger

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17 Citations (Scopus)


Warm-season C-4 grasses are capable of removing excess soil nutrients because of their high Yield potential and nutrient uptake efficiency. Bahiagrass (Paspalum notatum Flugge), limpograss [Hemarthria altissima (Poir.) Stapf& Hubb], and stargrass (Cynodon nlemfuensis Vanderyst), three commonly used pasture grasses in South-Central Florida, were grown to examine the effect of increasing N rates on herbage production and soil P removal. Nitrogen was applied at rates of 67,90, and 134 kg N ha(-1) harvest(-1), representing 1, 1.3, and 2 times the recommended N fertilizer application rate for hay production. During 3 yr of evaluation, all three grasses showed a positive P-removal potential that increased with increasing N fertilizer application. Phosphorus removed by forages over the 3-yr period for the highest N application rate was 106, 132, and 147 kg ha(-1) for limpograss, bahiagrass, and stargrass, respectively. Mehlich 1 extractable P from the Ap horizon of all plots decreased by as much as 80% of the initial P load over the study period; only similar to 15 to 17% of which appeared to leach to subsurface horizons. Nitrogen application enhanced P uptake and consequently reduced P transport to deep (>13 cm) soil depths. These data indicate that stargrass, bahiagrass, and limpograss managed intensively for hay production represent effective options in removing excess soil P from P-impacted sites.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1243-1248
JournalAgronomy Journal
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2009


  • nutrient-uptake
  • dairy manure
  • pensacola bahiagrass
  • soils
  • retention
  • limpograss
  • spodosol


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