Nickel speciation and complexation kinetics in freshwater by ligand exchange and DPCSV

Han Bin Xue, S. Jansen, A. Prasch, L. Sigg

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Abstract

A technique of ligand exchange with DMG (dimethylglyoxime) and DPCSV was applied to determine Ni speciation in lake, river, and groundwater samples. The working conditions related to ligand-exchange equilibrium were optimized, and the ligand-exchange kinetics were examined. The observed pseudo-first-order rate, kobsd, was about 3 x 10-5 (s-1) for Ni(DMG)2 complex formation with an excess of DMG (M) over Ni (nM) at pH 7.1-7.7. The second-order exchange kinetic constants, kexch, were between 1.2 x 102 and 5.7 x 103 s-1 M-1 for ligand exchange of NiEDTA with DMG and between 5 x 102 and 7 x 103 s-1 M-1 for exchange of natural ligands with DMG in the freshwater samples under similar conditions. Ni ligand exchange between natural ligands and DMG occurred over days with half-lifes of 5-95 h. Total dissolved Ni concentrations in samples from various freshwater systems in Switzerland ranged from 4 nM in an oligotrophic lake to 30 nM in a small river affected by inputs from sewage effluents and agriculture. Free ionic Ni2 concentrations were determined in the range of 10-13-10-15 M (pNi =12.2-14.7), indicating that more than 99.9␘f dissolved Ni was bound by organic ligands with strong affinity (log K 12.1-14.9) and low concentrations (13-100 nM) at pH 7.2-8.2. Because of slow ligand-exchange kinetics, Ni speciation in natural waters may in many cases not reach equilibrium
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)539-546
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume35
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

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