The effect of sodium hydrogen sulfite (S), used as antibrowning agent, on the phenolic profile of potato extracts was investigated. This extract was compared to one obtained in the presence of ascorbic acid (A). In the presence of A, two major compounds were obtained, 5-O-caffeoylquinic acid (5-CQA) and 4-O-caffeoyl quinic acid. With S, their 2'-sulfo-adducts were found instead, the structures of which were confirmed by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and mass spectrometry. Also, for minor caffeoyl derivatives and quercetin glycosides, the corresponding sulfo-adducts were observed. Feruloyl and sinapoyl derivatives were not chemically affected by the presence of S. Polyphenol oxidase (PPO) was thought to be responsible for the formation of the sulfo-adducts. This was confirmed by preparing 2'-sulfo-5-O-caffeoyl quinic acid in a model system using 5-CQA, sodium hydrogen sulfite, and PPO. This sulfo-adduct exhibited a small bathochromic shift (¿max 329 nm) as compared to 5-CQA (¿max 325 nm) and a strong hypochromic shift with an extinction coefficient of 9357 ± 395 M–1 cm–1 as compared to 18494 ± 196 M–1 cm–1, respectively. The results suggest that whenever S is used as an antibrowning agent, the O-quinone formed with PPO reacts with S to produce sulfo-O-diphenol, which does not participate in browning reactions.
- tandem mass-spectrometry
- chlorogenic acid
- polyphenol oxidase
Narvaez Cuenca, C. E., Kuijpers, T. F. M., Vincken, J. P., de Waard, P., & Gruppen, H. (2011). New Insights into an Ancient Antibrowning Agent: Formation of Sulfophenolics in Sodium Hydrogen Sulfite-Treated Potato Extracts. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 59(18), 10247-10255. https://doi.org/10.1021/jf202624q