A new method, using poly-O-acetylβ-D-glycopyranosylbromide, methyl 9- or methyl 12-hydroxyoctadecanoate and triethylamine as catalyst, is described for the synthesis of a new class of nonionic surfactants. Chemical structures were identified using 1H and 13C nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy including two-dimensional techniques and Fourier transforming infrared. Critical micelle concentrations and surface tension profiles of these O-alkyl-β-D-glycosides in water were determined.
Bogaert, P. M. P., Bakker, F. K. G., de Wit, D., Slaghek, T. M., & van der Meeren, P. (1998). New coupling method without heavy metals for the synthesis of a new class of fatty acid methyl ester oligoglycoside ethers. Journal of Surfactants and Detergents, 1(1), 65-72. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11743-998-0009-3