New applications and performance of bioelectrochemical systems

H.V.M. Hamelers, A. ter Heijne, T.H.J.A. Sleutels, A.W. Jeremiasse, D.P.B.T.B. Strik, C.J.N. Buisman

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Abstract

Bioelectrochemical systems (BESs) are emerging technologies which use microorganisms to catalyze the reactions at the anode and/or cathode. BES research is advancing rapidly, and a whole range of applications using different electron donors and acceptors has already been developed. In this mini review, we focus on technological aspects of the expanding application of BESs. We will analyze the anode and cathode half-reactions in terms of their standard and actual potential and report the overpotentials of these half-reactions by comparing the reported potentials with their theoretical potentials. When combining anodes with cathodes in a BES, new bottlenecks and opportunities arise. For application of BESs, it is crucial to lower the internal energy losses and increase productivity at the same time. Membranes are a crucial element to obtain high efficiencies and pure products but increase the internal resistance of BESs. The comparison between production of fuels and chemicals in BESs and in present production processes should gain more attention in future BES research. By making this comparison, it will become clear if the scope of BESs can and should be further developed into the field of biorefineries.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1673-1685
JournalApplied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Volume85
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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Electrodes
Electrons
Membranes
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Keywords

  • microbial fuel-cells
  • waste-water treatment
  • electricity-generation
  • electrolysis cells
  • biocatalyzed electrolysis
  • electrochemical reduction
  • cellulose degradation
  • hydrogen-production
  • exchange membranes
  • copper electrode

Cite this

Hamelers, H.V.M. ; ter Heijne, A. ; Sleutels, T.H.J.A. ; Jeremiasse, A.W. ; Strik, D.P.B.T.B. ; Buisman, C.J.N. / New applications and performance of bioelectrochemical systems. In: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology. 2010 ; Vol. 85, No. 6. pp. 1673-1685.
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New applications and performance of bioelectrochemical systems. / Hamelers, H.V.M.; ter Heijne, A.; Sleutels, T.H.J.A.; Jeremiasse, A.W.; Strik, D.P.B.T.B.; Buisman, C.J.N.

In: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, Vol. 85, No. 6, 2010, p. 1673-1685.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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T1 - New applications and performance of bioelectrochemical systems

AU - Hamelers, H.V.M.

AU - ter Heijne, A.

AU - Sleutels, T.H.J.A.

AU - Jeremiasse, A.W.

AU - Strik, D.P.B.T.B.

AU - Buisman, C.J.N.

PY - 2010

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AB - Bioelectrochemical systems (BESs) are emerging technologies which use microorganisms to catalyze the reactions at the anode and/or cathode. BES research is advancing rapidly, and a whole range of applications using different electron donors and acceptors has already been developed. In this mini review, we focus on technological aspects of the expanding application of BESs. We will analyze the anode and cathode half-reactions in terms of their standard and actual potential and report the overpotentials of these half-reactions by comparing the reported potentials with their theoretical potentials. When combining anodes with cathodes in a BES, new bottlenecks and opportunities arise. For application of BESs, it is crucial to lower the internal energy losses and increase productivity at the same time. Membranes are a crucial element to obtain high efficiencies and pure products but increase the internal resistance of BESs. The comparison between production of fuels and chemicals in BESs and in present production processes should gain more attention in future BES research. By making this comparison, it will become clear if the scope of BESs can and should be further developed into the field of biorefineries.

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KW - waste-water treatment

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KW - biocatalyzed electrolysis

KW - electrochemical reduction

KW - cellulose degradation

KW - hydrogen-production

KW - exchange membranes

KW - copper electrode

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