Neural Processing of Calories in brain reward areas can be modulated by reward sensitivity.

I. van Rijn, S. Griffioen-Roose, C. de Graaf, P.A.M. Smeets

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Afood’srewardvalueisdependentonitscaloriccontent.Furthermore,afood’sacuterewardvaluealsodependsonhungerstate.Thedrivetoobtainrewards(rewardsensitivity),however,differsbetweenindividuals.Here,weassessedtheassociationbetweenbrainresponsestocaloriesinthemouthandtraitrewardsensitivityindifferenthungerstates.Firstly,weassessedthisindatafromafunctionalneuroimagingstudy(vanRijnetal.,2015),inwhichparticipants(n=30)tastedsimplesolutionsofanon-caloricsweetenerwithorwithoutanon-sweetcarbohydrate(maltodextrin)duringhungerandsatiety.Secondly,weexpandedtheseanalysestoregulardrinksbyassessingthesamerelationshipindatafromastudyinwhichsoftdrinkssweetenedwitheithersucroseoranon-caloricsweetenerwereadministeredduringhunger(n=18)(Griffioen-Rooseetal.,2013).First,tasteactivationbythenon-caloricsolution/softdrinkwassubtractedfromthatbythecaloricsolution/softdrinktoeliminatesweetnesseffectsandretainactivationinducedbycalories.Subsequently,thisdifferenceintasteactivationwascorrelatedwithrewardsensitivityasmeasuredwiththeBASdrivesubscaleoftheBehavioralActivationSystem(BAS)questionnaire.Whenparticipantswerehungryandtastedcaloriesfromthesimplesolution,brainactivationintherightventralstriatum(caudate),rightamygdalaandanteriorcingulatecortex(bilaterally)correlatednegativelywithBASdrivescores.Incontrast,whenparticipantsweresatiated,tasteresponsescorrelatedpositivelywithBASdrivescoresintheleftcaudate.Theseresultswerenotreplicatedforsoftdrinks.Thus,neuralresponsestooralcaloriesfrommaltodextrinweremodulatedbyrewardsensitivityinreward-relatedbrainareas.Thiswasnotthecaseforsucrose.Thismaybeduetothedirectdetectionofmaltodextrin,butnotsucroseintheoralcavity.Also,inafamiliarbeverage,detectionofcaloriespersemaybeoverruledbyaconditionedresponsetoitsflavor.Inconclusion,thebrainrewardresponsetocaloriesfromalongchainstarchsugar(maltodextrin)varieswithtraitrewardsensitivity.Theabsenceofthiseffectinafamiliarbeveragewarrantsfurtherresearchintoitsrelevanceforreallifeingestivebehavior.
Original languageEnglish
Article number371
Number of pages11
JournalFrontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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Reward
Brain
maltodextrin
Surveys and Questionnaires

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@article{1c39713a1187474b86430347e26c2913,
title = "Neural Processing of Calories in brain reward areas can be modulated by reward sensitivity.",
abstract = "Afood’srewardvalueisdependentonitscaloriccontent.Furthermore,afood’sacuterewardvaluealsodependsonhungerstate.Thedrivetoobtainrewards(rewardsensitivity),however,differsbetweenindividuals.Here,weassessedtheassociationbetweenbrainresponsestocaloriesinthemouthandtraitrewardsensitivityindifferenthungerstates.Firstly,weassessedthisindatafromafunctionalneuroimagingstudy(vanRijnetal.,2015),inwhichparticipants(n=30)tastedsimplesolutionsofanon-caloricsweetenerwithorwithoutanon-sweetcarbohydrate(maltodextrin)duringhungerandsatiety.Secondly,weexpandedtheseanalysestoregulardrinksbyassessingthesamerelationshipindatafromastudyinwhichsoftdrinkssweetenedwitheithersucroseoranon-caloricsweetenerwereadministeredduringhunger(n=18)(Griffioen-Rooseetal.,2013).First,tasteactivationbythenon-caloricsolution/softdrinkwassubtractedfromthatbythecaloricsolution/softdrinktoeliminatesweetnesseffectsandretainactivationinducedbycalories.Subsequently,thisdifferenceintasteactivationwascorrelatedwithrewardsensitivityasmeasuredwiththeBASdrivesubscaleoftheBehavioralActivationSystem(BAS)questionnaire.Whenparticipantswerehungryandtastedcaloriesfromthesimplesolution,brainactivationintherightventralstriatum(caudate),rightamygdalaandanteriorcingulatecortex(bilaterally)correlatednegativelywithBASdrivescores.Incontrast,whenparticipantsweresatiated,tasteresponsescorrelatedpositivelywithBASdrivescoresintheleftcaudate.Theseresultswerenotreplicatedforsoftdrinks.Thus,neuralresponsestooralcaloriesfrommaltodextrinweremodulatedbyrewardsensitivityinreward-relatedbrainareas.Thiswasnotthecaseforsucrose.Thismaybeduetothedirectdetectionofmaltodextrin,butnotsucroseintheoralcavity.Also,inafamiliarbeverage,detectionofcaloriespersemaybeoverruledbyaconditionedresponsetoitsflavor.Inconclusion,thebrainrewardresponsetocaloriesfromalongchainstarchsugar(maltodextrin)varieswithtraitrewardsensitivity.Theabsenceofthiseffectinafamiliarbeveragewarrantsfurtherresearchintoitsrelevanceforreallifeingestivebehavior.",
author = "{van Rijn}, I. and S. Griffioen-Roose and {de Graaf}, C. and P.A.M. Smeets",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.3389/fnbeh.2015.00371",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
journal = "Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience",
issn = "1662-5153",
publisher = "Frontiers",

}

Neural Processing of Calories in brain reward areas can be modulated by reward sensitivity. / van Rijn, I.; Griffioen-Roose, S.; de Graaf, C.; Smeets, P.A.M.

In: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, Vol. 9, 371, 2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Neural Processing of Calories in brain reward areas can be modulated by reward sensitivity.

AU - van Rijn, I.

AU - Griffioen-Roose, S.

AU - de Graaf, C.

AU - Smeets, P.A.M.

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Afood’srewardvalueisdependentonitscaloriccontent.Furthermore,afood’sacuterewardvaluealsodependsonhungerstate.Thedrivetoobtainrewards(rewardsensitivity),however,differsbetweenindividuals.Here,weassessedtheassociationbetweenbrainresponsestocaloriesinthemouthandtraitrewardsensitivityindifferenthungerstates.Firstly,weassessedthisindatafromafunctionalneuroimagingstudy(vanRijnetal.,2015),inwhichparticipants(n=30)tastedsimplesolutionsofanon-caloricsweetenerwithorwithoutanon-sweetcarbohydrate(maltodextrin)duringhungerandsatiety.Secondly,weexpandedtheseanalysestoregulardrinksbyassessingthesamerelationshipindatafromastudyinwhichsoftdrinkssweetenedwitheithersucroseoranon-caloricsweetenerwereadministeredduringhunger(n=18)(Griffioen-Rooseetal.,2013).First,tasteactivationbythenon-caloricsolution/softdrinkwassubtractedfromthatbythecaloricsolution/softdrinktoeliminatesweetnesseffectsandretainactivationinducedbycalories.Subsequently,thisdifferenceintasteactivationwascorrelatedwithrewardsensitivityasmeasuredwiththeBASdrivesubscaleoftheBehavioralActivationSystem(BAS)questionnaire.Whenparticipantswerehungryandtastedcaloriesfromthesimplesolution,brainactivationintherightventralstriatum(caudate),rightamygdalaandanteriorcingulatecortex(bilaterally)correlatednegativelywithBASdrivescores.Incontrast,whenparticipantsweresatiated,tasteresponsescorrelatedpositivelywithBASdrivescoresintheleftcaudate.Theseresultswerenotreplicatedforsoftdrinks.Thus,neuralresponsestooralcaloriesfrommaltodextrinweremodulatedbyrewardsensitivityinreward-relatedbrainareas.Thiswasnotthecaseforsucrose.Thismaybeduetothedirectdetectionofmaltodextrin,butnotsucroseintheoralcavity.Also,inafamiliarbeverage,detectionofcaloriespersemaybeoverruledbyaconditionedresponsetoitsflavor.Inconclusion,thebrainrewardresponsetocaloriesfromalongchainstarchsugar(maltodextrin)varieswithtraitrewardsensitivity.Theabsenceofthiseffectinafamiliarbeveragewarrantsfurtherresearchintoitsrelevanceforreallifeingestivebehavior.

AB - Afood’srewardvalueisdependentonitscaloriccontent.Furthermore,afood’sacuterewardvaluealsodependsonhungerstate.Thedrivetoobtainrewards(rewardsensitivity),however,differsbetweenindividuals.Here,weassessedtheassociationbetweenbrainresponsestocaloriesinthemouthandtraitrewardsensitivityindifferenthungerstates.Firstly,weassessedthisindatafromafunctionalneuroimagingstudy(vanRijnetal.,2015),inwhichparticipants(n=30)tastedsimplesolutionsofanon-caloricsweetenerwithorwithoutanon-sweetcarbohydrate(maltodextrin)duringhungerandsatiety.Secondly,weexpandedtheseanalysestoregulardrinksbyassessingthesamerelationshipindatafromastudyinwhichsoftdrinkssweetenedwitheithersucroseoranon-caloricsweetenerwereadministeredduringhunger(n=18)(Griffioen-Rooseetal.,2013).First,tasteactivationbythenon-caloricsolution/softdrinkwassubtractedfromthatbythecaloricsolution/softdrinktoeliminatesweetnesseffectsandretainactivationinducedbycalories.Subsequently,thisdifferenceintasteactivationwascorrelatedwithrewardsensitivityasmeasuredwiththeBASdrivesubscaleoftheBehavioralActivationSystem(BAS)questionnaire.Whenparticipantswerehungryandtastedcaloriesfromthesimplesolution,brainactivationintherightventralstriatum(caudate),rightamygdalaandanteriorcingulatecortex(bilaterally)correlatednegativelywithBASdrivescores.Incontrast,whenparticipantsweresatiated,tasteresponsescorrelatedpositivelywithBASdrivescoresintheleftcaudate.Theseresultswerenotreplicatedforsoftdrinks.Thus,neuralresponsestooralcaloriesfrommaltodextrinweremodulatedbyrewardsensitivityinreward-relatedbrainareas.Thiswasnotthecaseforsucrose.Thismaybeduetothedirectdetectionofmaltodextrin,butnotsucroseintheoralcavity.Also,inafamiliarbeverage,detectionofcaloriespersemaybeoverruledbyaconditionedresponsetoitsflavor.Inconclusion,thebrainrewardresponsetocaloriesfromalongchainstarchsugar(maltodextrin)varieswithtraitrewardsensitivity.Theabsenceofthiseffectinafamiliarbeveragewarrantsfurtherresearchintoitsrelevanceforreallifeingestivebehavior.

U2 - 10.3389/fnbeh.2015.00371

DO - 10.3389/fnbeh.2015.00371

M3 - Article

VL - 9

JO - Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience

JF - Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience

SN - 1662-5153

M1 - 371

ER -