Necrotizing soft tissue infections - a multicentre, prospective observational study (INFECT): Protocol and statistical analysis plan

M.B. Madsen*, S. Skrede, T. Bruun, P. Arnell, A. Rosén, M. Nekludov, Y. Karlsson, F. Bergey, E. Saccenti, V.A.P. Martins dos Santos, A. Perner, A. Norrby-Teglund, O. Hyldegaard

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Background: The INFECT project aims to advance our understanding of the pathophysiological mechanisms in necrotizing soft tissue infections (NSTIs). The INFECT observational study is part of the INFECT project with the aim of studying the clinical profile of patients with NSTIs and correlating these to patient-important outcomes. With this protocol and statistical analysis plan we describe the methods used to obtain data and the details of the planned analyses. Methods: The INFECT study is a multicentre, prospective observational cohort study. Patients with NSTIs are enrolled in five Scandinavian hospitals, which are all referral centres for NSTIs. The primary outcomes are the descriptive variables of the patients. Secondary outcomes include identification of factors associated with 90-day mortality and amputation; associations between affected body part, maximum skin defect and Laboratory Risk Indicator for Necrotizing Fasciitis (LRINEC) score and 90-day mortality; 90-day mortality in patients with and without acute kidney injury (AKI) and LRINEC score of six and above or below six; and association between affected body part at arrival and microbiological findings. Exploratory outcomes include univariate analyses of baseline characteristics associations with 90-day mortality. The statistical analyses will be conducted in accordance with the predefined statistical analysis plan. Conclusion: Necrotizing soft tissue infections result in severe morbidity and mortality. The INFECT study will be the largest prospective study in patients with NSTIs to date and will provide important data for clinicians, researchers and policy makers on the characteristics and outcomes of these patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)272-279
JournalActa Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
Volume62
Issue number2
Early online date29 Oct 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2018

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