Nature-based solutions for flood-drought risk mitigation in vulnerable urbanizing parts of East-Africa

Zahra Kalantari*, Carla S.S. Ferreira, Saskia Keesstra, Georgia Destouni

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

49 Citations (Scopus)


Urbanization and climate changes have direct impacts on ecosystems and the services they provide to society, thus influencing human well-being and health. Urban sprawl may conflict with ecosystem services, e.g. enhancing water-related stresses and risks of, e.g., droughts and floods, with significant economic, environmental and societal impacts. Such hydro-climatic extremes and their societal impacts are evident around the world. East Africa is a region with highly vulnerable populations to frequent floods and droughts. To achieve long-term sustainable solutions to such water-related risks and problems, we need to understand and plan for the feedback mechanisms between population expansion and associated land-use changes and their impacts on ecosystem services. The potential of nature-based solutions to mitigate these risk and problems in urban development under climate change needs to be considered and accounted for in spatial planning and management strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-78
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Opinion in Environmental Science & Health
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2018


  • Climate change
  • Hydro-climatic extremes
  • Land use change
  • Natural hazards
  • Nature-based solution
  • Sustainable solutions


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