Nature and mental health: An ecosystem service perspective

Gregory N. Bratman*, Christopher B. Anderson, Marc G. Berman, Bobby Cochran, Sjerp De Vries, Jon Flanders, Carl Folke, Howard Frumkin, James J. Gross, Terry Hartig, Peter H. Kahn, Ming Kuo, Joshua J. Lawler, Phillip S. Levin, Therese Lindahl, Andreas Meyer-lindenberg, Richard Mitchell, Zhiyun Ouyang, Jenny Roe, Lynn ScarlettJeffrey R. Smith, Matilda Van Den Bosch, Benedict W. Wheeler, Mathew P. White, Hua Zheng, Gretchen C. Daily

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

520 Citations (Scopus)


A growing body of empirical evidence is revealing the value of nature experience for mental health. With rapid urbanization and declines in human contact with nature globally, crucial decisions must be made about how to preserve and enhance opportunities for nature experience. Here, we first provide points of consensus across the natural, social, and health sciences on the impacts of nature experience on cognitive functioning, emotional well-being, and other dimensions of mental health. We then show how ecosystem service assessments can be expanded to include mental health, and provide a heuristic, conceptual model for doing so.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbereaax0903
Number of pages15
JournalScience Advances
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jul 2019


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