Nature and landscape planning: Exploring the dynamics of valuation, the case ofthe Netherlands.

H.J. v.d. Windt, J.A.A. Swart, F.W.J. Keulartz

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    31 Citations (Scopus)


    this study we examine the relevance and dynamics of views on nature in nature and landscape planning. In our conceptual framework we distinguish between three views on nature: a wilderness, an arcadian and a functional valuation approach to nature, each related to specific ecological, aesthetic and ethical perspectives. In our empirical studies we consider the role of the three views in a number of Dutch nature and landscape projects and in nature and landscape policy. We study the importance of different styles and levels of governmental decision-making using various methods, including computer-assisted text analyses, interviews, questionnaires and gaming experiments. Our results show that all three valuation approaches can be found. Although the wilderness approach and the functional approach are becoming more popular, the arcadian approach is most influential in the Netherlands, especially on the regional level. All stakeholders agree to a certain extent with all approaches but most with the arcadian valuation. It can be questioned whether this implies a sharing of values or a practical compromise. We found that, although a consensual style of decision-making does not lead to a common valuation, it has an important impact by creating better conditions for understanding and negotiations, and eventually for agreement.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)218-228
    JournalLandscape and Urban Planning
    Issue number3/4
    Publication statusPublished - 2007


    • valuation
    • nature conservation policy
    • landscape planning
    • conservation
    • restoration
    • policy

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