Natriumgevoeligheid en recirculatie bij Cymbidium in 3 teeltjaren: Behoud plantgezondheid en voorkomen groeiremming bij hergebruik drainwater

Arca Kromwijk, Wim Voogt, Johan Steenhuizen, Aat van Winkel, Nico van Mourik

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional

Abstract

In the Netherlands, the government and horticultural industry have agreed to lower the emission of nutrients to the environment. Until recently no drain water was reused in the cultivation of Cymbidium orchids as growers were allowed to discharge the drain water when a sodium level of more than 0 mmol/l was reached. As reusing drain water is a new phenomenon for Cymbidium, growers were faced with a lack of knowledge on the effects of drain water reuse. Therefore a trial was started to investigate the effect of sodium accumulation on crop growth and flowering in two varieties of Cymbidium. Different sodium concentrations are given while maintaining the EC at 0.8. These sodium treatments have a lower “nutritional EC” than the control treatment without sodium. In the first year of cultivation unusual symptoms in the leaves emerged at the two highest levels of sodium resulting in dead leaf tips / leaves. This is potassium deficiency, induced by the lower potassium concentration in the nutritional solution and by inhibition of the potassium uptake by a high sodium concentration. In the first year of cultivation, sodium accumulation had no effect on production as the flower stalks were already induced before or just after the start of the treatments. In the second and third year of cultivation, sodium accumulation reduced production and quality of Cymbidium. This research is funded by the Cymbidium growers in the Netherlands, Product Board for Horticulture, Top Sector Horticulture & Propagation Materials and Foundation Program Fund Greenhouse Horticulture.
Original languageDutch
Place of PublicationBleiswijk
PublisherWageningen University & Research, BU Glastuinbouw
Number of pages54
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Publication series

NameRapport WPR
PublisherWageningen Plant Research
No.735

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