Narrow-wide-row planting pattern increases the radiation use efficiency and seed yield of intercrop species in relay-intercropping system

Muhammad Ali Raza, Ling Yang Feng, Wopke van der Werf, Gao Ren Cai, Muhammad Hayder Bin Khalid, Nasir Iqbal, Muhammad Jawad Hassan, Tehseen Ahmad Meraj, Muhammd Naeem, Imran Khan, Sana Ur Rehman, Muhammad Ansar, Mukhtar Ahmed, Feng Yang, Wenyu Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Planting arrangements affect radiation use efficiency (RUE) and competitiveness of intercrop species in intercropping systems. Here, we reveal that narrow-wide-row planting arrangement in maize-soybean relay-intercropping system increases the dry matter and competitiveness of soybean, increased the RUE of maize and soybean, and compensates the yield loss of maize by substantially increasing the yield of soybean. In this field study, maize was planted with soybean in different planting arrangements (P1, 20:180, P2, 40:160; P3, 60:140, and P4, 80:120) of relay intercropping, all the relay-intercropping treatments were compared with sole crops of maize (SM) and soybean (SS). Results showed that P1 improved the total RUE 3.26 g/MJ (maize RUE + soybean RUE) of maize and soybean in relay-intercropping system. Compared to P4, treatment P1 increased the soybean competition ratio (CR) values (by 55%) but reduced the maize CR values (by 29%), which in turn significantly improved the yield of soybean by maintaining the maize yield. Generally, in P1, soybean produced 82% of SS yield, and maize produced 88% of SM yield, and it achieved the land equivalent ratio of 1.7. These results suggest that by maintaining the appropriate planting distances between maize and soybean we can improve the competitiveness and yield of intercrop species in relay-intercropping system.

LanguageEnglish
Article numbere170
JournalFood and Energy Security
Volume8
Issue number3
Early online date18 May 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2019

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light use efficiency
radiation use efficiency
intercropping
Soybeans
seed yield
soybean
Seed
Seeds
Zea mays
planting
Radiation
soybeans
maize
seed
corn
Crops
competitiveness
crop
crops
dry matter

Keywords

  • competition
  • intercropping
  • land equivalent ratio
  • radiation use efficiency

Cite this

Raza, Muhammad Ali ; Feng, Ling Yang ; van der Werf, Wopke ; Cai, Gao Ren ; Khalid, Muhammad Hayder Bin ; Iqbal, Nasir ; Hassan, Muhammad Jawad ; Meraj, Tehseen Ahmad ; Naeem, Muhammd ; Khan, Imran ; Ur Rehman, Sana ; Ansar, Muhammad ; Ahmed, Mukhtar ; Yang, Feng ; Yang, Wenyu. / Narrow-wide-row planting pattern increases the radiation use efficiency and seed yield of intercrop species in relay-intercropping system. In: Food and Energy Security. 2019 ; Vol. 8, No. 3.
@article{db3bbb4fe03145478ce7b45b6dbae063,
title = "Narrow-wide-row planting pattern increases the radiation use efficiency and seed yield of intercrop species in relay-intercropping system",
abstract = "Planting arrangements affect radiation use efficiency (RUE) and competitiveness of intercrop species in intercropping systems. Here, we reveal that narrow-wide-row planting arrangement in maize-soybean relay-intercropping system increases the dry matter and competitiveness of soybean, increased the RUE of maize and soybean, and compensates the yield loss of maize by substantially increasing the yield of soybean. In this field study, maize was planted with soybean in different planting arrangements (P1, 20:180, P2, 40:160; P3, 60:140, and P4, 80:120) of relay intercropping, all the relay-intercropping treatments were compared with sole crops of maize (SM) and soybean (SS). Results showed that P1 improved the total RUE 3.26 g/MJ (maize RUE + soybean RUE) of maize and soybean in relay-intercropping system. Compared to P4, treatment P1 increased the soybean competition ratio (CR) values (by 55{\%}) but reduced the maize CR values (by 29{\%}), which in turn significantly improved the yield of soybean by maintaining the maize yield. Generally, in P1, soybean produced 82{\%} of SS yield, and maize produced 88{\%} of SM yield, and it achieved the land equivalent ratio of 1.7. These results suggest that by maintaining the appropriate planting distances between maize and soybean we can improve the competitiveness and yield of intercrop species in relay-intercropping system.",
keywords = "competition, intercropping, land equivalent ratio, radiation use efficiency",
author = "Raza, {Muhammad Ali} and Feng, {Ling Yang} and {van der Werf}, Wopke and Cai, {Gao Ren} and Khalid, {Muhammad Hayder Bin} and Nasir Iqbal and Hassan, {Muhammad Jawad} and Meraj, {Tehseen Ahmad} and Muhammd Naeem and Imran Khan and {Ur Rehman}, Sana and Muhammad Ansar and Mukhtar Ahmed and Feng Yang and Wenyu Yang",
year = "2019",
month = "7",
doi = "10.1002/fes3.170",
language = "English",
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journal = "Food and Energy Security",
issn = "2048-3694",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons",
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Raza, MA, Feng, LY, van der Werf, W, Cai, GR, Khalid, MHB, Iqbal, N, Hassan, MJ, Meraj, TA, Naeem, M, Khan, I, Ur Rehman, S, Ansar, M, Ahmed, M, Yang, F & Yang, W 2019, 'Narrow-wide-row planting pattern increases the radiation use efficiency and seed yield of intercrop species in relay-intercropping system', Food and Energy Security, vol. 8, no. 3, e170. https://doi.org/10.1002/fes3.170

Narrow-wide-row planting pattern increases the radiation use efficiency and seed yield of intercrop species in relay-intercropping system. / Raza, Muhammad Ali; Feng, Ling Yang; van der Werf, Wopke; Cai, Gao Ren; Khalid, Muhammad Hayder Bin; Iqbal, Nasir; Hassan, Muhammad Jawad; Meraj, Tehseen Ahmad; Naeem, Muhammd; Khan, Imran; Ur Rehman, Sana ; Ansar, Muhammad; Ahmed, Mukhtar; Yang, Feng; Yang, Wenyu.

In: Food and Energy Security, Vol. 8, No. 3, e170, 07.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Narrow-wide-row planting pattern increases the radiation use efficiency and seed yield of intercrop species in relay-intercropping system

AU - Raza, Muhammad Ali

AU - Feng, Ling Yang

AU - van der Werf, Wopke

AU - Cai, Gao Ren

AU - Khalid, Muhammad Hayder Bin

AU - Iqbal, Nasir

AU - Hassan, Muhammad Jawad

AU - Meraj, Tehseen Ahmad

AU - Naeem, Muhammd

AU - Khan, Imran

AU - Ur Rehman, Sana

AU - Ansar, Muhammad

AU - Ahmed, Mukhtar

AU - Yang, Feng

AU - Yang, Wenyu

PY - 2019/7

Y1 - 2019/7

N2 - Planting arrangements affect radiation use efficiency (RUE) and competitiveness of intercrop species in intercropping systems. Here, we reveal that narrow-wide-row planting arrangement in maize-soybean relay-intercropping system increases the dry matter and competitiveness of soybean, increased the RUE of maize and soybean, and compensates the yield loss of maize by substantially increasing the yield of soybean. In this field study, maize was planted with soybean in different planting arrangements (P1, 20:180, P2, 40:160; P3, 60:140, and P4, 80:120) of relay intercropping, all the relay-intercropping treatments were compared with sole crops of maize (SM) and soybean (SS). Results showed that P1 improved the total RUE 3.26 g/MJ (maize RUE + soybean RUE) of maize and soybean in relay-intercropping system. Compared to P4, treatment P1 increased the soybean competition ratio (CR) values (by 55%) but reduced the maize CR values (by 29%), which in turn significantly improved the yield of soybean by maintaining the maize yield. Generally, in P1, soybean produced 82% of SS yield, and maize produced 88% of SM yield, and it achieved the land equivalent ratio of 1.7. These results suggest that by maintaining the appropriate planting distances between maize and soybean we can improve the competitiveness and yield of intercrop species in relay-intercropping system.

AB - Planting arrangements affect radiation use efficiency (RUE) and competitiveness of intercrop species in intercropping systems. Here, we reveal that narrow-wide-row planting arrangement in maize-soybean relay-intercropping system increases the dry matter and competitiveness of soybean, increased the RUE of maize and soybean, and compensates the yield loss of maize by substantially increasing the yield of soybean. In this field study, maize was planted with soybean in different planting arrangements (P1, 20:180, P2, 40:160; P3, 60:140, and P4, 80:120) of relay intercropping, all the relay-intercropping treatments were compared with sole crops of maize (SM) and soybean (SS). Results showed that P1 improved the total RUE 3.26 g/MJ (maize RUE + soybean RUE) of maize and soybean in relay-intercropping system. Compared to P4, treatment P1 increased the soybean competition ratio (CR) values (by 55%) but reduced the maize CR values (by 29%), which in turn significantly improved the yield of soybean by maintaining the maize yield. Generally, in P1, soybean produced 82% of SS yield, and maize produced 88% of SM yield, and it achieved the land equivalent ratio of 1.7. These results suggest that by maintaining the appropriate planting distances between maize and soybean we can improve the competitiveness and yield of intercrop species in relay-intercropping system.

KW - competition

KW - intercropping

KW - land equivalent ratio

KW - radiation use efficiency

U2 - 10.1002/fes3.170

DO - 10.1002/fes3.170

M3 - Article

VL - 8

JO - Food and Energy Security

T2 - Food and Energy Security

JF - Food and Energy Security

SN - 2048-3694

IS - 3

M1 - e170

ER -