This chapter covers how engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) may enter soils, how they behave in soils, the exposure dynamics this presents to soil organisms, and resulting issues for uptake and food-chain transfer. Special attention is given to summarizing the main issues and the current state of the art for the most important elements of how ENMs act as pollutants in soil, namely: The routes and consequent forms of entry of ENMs from nanoenabled products into soils; the fate and transformations ENMs undergo in soil systems; ENM bioavailability to and interactions with soil biology, including exposure and hazard assessment, toxicokinetics, and trophic transfer.
|Title of host publication||Soil Pollution|
|Subtitle of host publication||From Monitoring to Remediation|
|Editors||A.C. Duarte, A. Cachada, T. Rocha-Santos|
|Number of pages||30|
|Publication status||Published - 2018|
- Routes of entry
- Soil biology