Mutational analysis of the Ve1 immune receptor that mediates Verticillium resistance in tomato

Z. Zhang, Y. Song, Chun-Ming Liu, B.P.H.J. Thomma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pathogenic Verticillium species are economically important plant pathogens that cause vascular wilt diseases in hundreds of plant species. The Ve1 gene of tomato confers resistance against race 1 strains of Verticillium dahliae and V. albo-atrum. Ve1 encodes an extracellular leucine-rich repeat (eLRR) receptor-like protein (RLP) that serves as a cell surface receptor for recognition of the recently identified secreted Verticillium effector Ave1. To investigate recognition of Ave1 by Ve1, alanine scanning was performed on the solvent exposed ß-strand/ß-turn residues across the eLRR domain of Ve1. In addition, alanine scanning was also employed to functionally characterize motifs that putatively mediate protein-protein interactions and endocytosis in the transmembrane domain and the cytoplasmic tail of the Ve1 protein. Functionality of the mutant proteins was assessed by screening for the occurrence of a hypersensitive response upon co-expression with Ave1 upon Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transient expression (agroinfiltration). In order to confirm the agroinfiltration results, constructs encoding Ve1 mutants were transformed into Arabidopsis and the transgenes were challenged with race 1 Verticillium. Our analyses identified several regions of the Ve1 protein that are required for functionality.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere99511
Number of pages8
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume9
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • leucine-rich repeat
  • brassinosteroid perception
  • crystal-structure
  • structural basis
  • plant defense
  • arabidopsis
  • proteins
  • recognition
  • specificity
  • disease

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