Mutation of His465 Alters the pH-dependent Spectroscopic Properties of Escherichia coli Glutamate Decarboxylase and Broadens the Range of Its Activity toward More Alkaline pH

E. Pennacchietti, T.M. Lammens, G. Capitani, M.C.R. Franssen, R.A. John, F. Bossa, D. De Biase

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Glutamate decarboxylase (GadB) from Escherichia coli is a hexameric, pyridoxal 5'-phosphate-dependent enzyme catalyzing CO2 release from the a-carboxyl group of l-glutamate to yield ¿-aminobutyrate. GadB exhibits an acidic pH optimum and undergoes a spectroscopically detectable and strongly cooperative pH-dependent conformational change involving at least six protons. Crystallographic studies showed that at mildly alkaline pH GadB is inactive because all active sites are locked by the C termini and that the 340 nm absorbance is an aldamine formed by the pyridoxal 5'-phosphate-Lys276 Schiff base with the distal nitrogen of His465, the penultimate residue in the GadB sequence. Herein we show that His465 has a massive influence on the equilibrium between active and inactive forms, the former being favored when this residue is absent. His465 contributes with n ˜ 2.5 to the overall cooperativity of the system. The residual cooperativity (n ˜ 3) is associated with the conformational changes still occurring at the N-terminal ends regardless of the mutation. His465, dispensable for the cooperativity that affects enzyme activity, is essential to include the conformational change of the N termini into the cooperativity of the whole system. In the absence of His465, a 330-nm absorbing species appears, with fluorescence emission spectra more complex than model compounds and consisting of two maxima at 390 and 510 nm. Because His465 mutants are active at pH well above 5.7, they appear to be suitable for biotechnological applications
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31587-31596
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume284
Issue number46
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Keywords

  • pyridoxal 5'-phosphate
  • acid decarboxylase
  • amino-acids
  • phosphorylase
  • resistance
  • binding
  • enzyme
  • site
  • aminotransferase
  • activation

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Mutation of His465 Alters the pH-dependent Spectroscopic Properties of Escherichia coli Glutamate Decarboxylase and Broadens the Range of Its Activity toward More Alkaline pH'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this