Multispecies environmental testing designs

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingEntry for encyclopedia/dictionaryAcademic


In order to increase the realism in the ecological risk assessment of chemicals, multispecies experiments are carried out. They have the advantage over laboratory single-species tests that they evaluate more realistic exposure regimes, assess effects on populations rather than individuals, allow the study of recovery of affected populations, and include food web interactions between populations. Alternative multispecies tests include a wide array of experimental designs, ranging from relatively simple indoor multispecies assemblages to model ecosystems and field monitoring studies. During the past decades, great progress in the development of such designs has been made.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Toxicology, Fourth Edition
Subtitle of host publicationVolume 1-9
EditorsP. Wexler
ISBN (Electronic)9780128243152
ISBN (Print)9780323854344
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2023


  • Ecotoxicology
  • Environmental Risk Assessment
  • Environmental toxicology
  • Field trials
  • Food web models
  • Higher tier testing
  • Mesocosms
  • Microcosms
  • Model ecosystems
  • Monitoring
  • Multispecies testing


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