Tuber shape in potato is commonly regarded as displaying continuous variation, yet at the diploid level phenotypes can be discerned visually, having round or long tubers. Inheritance of qualitative tuber shape can be explained by a single locus Ro, round being dominant to long. With restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) the Ro locus was mapped on chromosome 10. Tuber shape was also studied as a quantitative trait, using the length/width ratio as trait value. The estimated broad sense heritability was h2 = 0.80. The morphologically mapped Ro locus explained 75% of the genetic variation, indicating the presence of a major quantitative trait locus (QTL) at the Ro locus and minor genetic factors. RFLP alleles linked with Ro alleles were used to divide the progeny into four genotypic classes: RofemaleRomale:Rofemalero:roRomale:roro = 1:1:1:1. The recessive ro allele is identical by descent in both parents. The significantly different effects (P = 0.0157) of the non-identical alleles Rofemale and Romale provided evidence for multiallelism at the Ro locus. Linkage mapping of the Ro locus was compared with QTL mapping. Only those markers which are polymorphic in both parents allow accurate QTL mapping when genetic factors segregate from both parents. This finding applies to QTL mapping in all outbreeders without homozygous inbred strains.
|Publication status||Published - 1994|