Multi-scale narratives from an IA perspective: Part II Participatory local scenario development

K. Kok, M. Patel, D. Rothman, G. Quaranta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

89 Citations (Scopus)


This paper builds on Part I, where three European and Mediterranean scenarios were introduced. Theses scenarios can be typified as qualitative, integrated narrative storylines that describe three possible directions of future change until 2030. The main purpose of the paper is to summarise the methods and results of a series of stakeholder workshops held in the Guadalentín (Spain) and the Val d'Agri (Italy) to develop local scenarios, using the Mediterranean scenarios as boundary conditions. Two workshops were organised in both watersheds, employing different methods to develop short-term and long-term future outlooks. During the first workshop an exploratory forecasting methodology was employed. By means of a collage of images, stakeholders constructed three future images linked to three Mediterranean scenarios. In the second workshop, a discussion on the short-term outlook based on current trends was followed by a backcasting exercise. The various methods yielded highly complementary results, with detailed short-term developments, rather general yet highly creative visions of the long-term future, and a set of desirable futures. It is argued that such a mix of methods has increased the quality and comprehensiveness of the results. In any case, these efforts should be but the onset of long-term stakeholder participation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)285-311
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2006


  • co-evolutionary approach
  • change impact assessment
  • climate-change
  • alternative futures

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