Multi-level learning in the governance of adaptation to climate change: the case of Bolivia’s water sector

Javier Gonzales-Iwanciw*, Sylvia Karlsson-Vinkhuyzen, Art Dewulf

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The efforts of Bolivia’s water sector to adapt to climate change include the mainstreaming of adaptation in water policy instruments and broad capacity building processes supported by climate funds and international cooperation. These sector-wide adaptation experiences in the country present important learning challenges across different governance levels. This paper analyzes multi-level learning in the governance of adaptation taking place in the water sector in Bolivia, by focusing on changes in the cognitive, normative and relational domains of learning. The analysis is guided by three questions: (i) Which institutional arrangements enable multi-level learning in the governance of adaptation in Bolivia’s water sector? (ii) What are the cognitive, normative and relational dimensions of learning in these arrangements? (iii) What are the implications of multi-level learning for shaping desired outcomes in the governance of adaptation? The case contributes to understanding multi-level learning processes in the governance of adaptation, including the role of national and international climate change policy instruments in these. In addition, the study provides methodological insights for assessing multi-level learning.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalClimate and Development
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 7 Jun 2020

Keywords

  • Bolivia
  • climate change
  • governance of adaptation
  • multi-level learning
  • water sector planning

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