Multi-host disease management: The why and the how to include wildlife

Julien Portier, Marie Pierre Ryser-Degiorgis, Mike R. Hutchings, Elodie Monchâtre-Leroy, Céline Richomme, Sylvain Larrat, Wim H.M. Van Der Poel, Morgane Dominguez, Annick Linden, Patricia Tavares Santos, Eva Warns-Petit, Jean Yves Chollet, Lisa Cavalerie, Claude Grandmontagne, Mariana Boadella, Etienne Bonbon, Marc Artois

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

In recent years, outbreaks caused by multi-host pathogens (MHP) have posed a serious challenge to public and animal health authorities. The frequent implication of wildlife in such disease systems and a lack of guidelines for mitigating these diseases within wild animal populations partially explain why the outbreaks are particularly challenging. To face these challenges, the French Ministry of Agriculture launched a multi-disciplinary group of experts that set out to discuss the main wildlife specific concepts in the management of MHP disease outbreaks and how to integrate wildlife in the disease management process. This position paper structures the primary specific concepts of wildlife disease management, as identified by the working group. It is designed to lay out these concepts for a wide audience of public and/or animal health officers who are not necessarily familiar with wildlife diseases. The group's discussions generated a possible roadmap for the management of MHP diseases. This roadmap is presented as a cycle for which the main successive step are: step 1-descriptive studies and monitoring; step 2-risk assessment; step 3-management goals; step 4-management actions and step 5-assessment of the management plan. In order to help choose the most adapted management actions for all involved epidemiological units, we integrated a decision-making framework (presented as a spreadsheet). This tool and the corresponding guidelines for disease management are designed to be used by public and health authorities when facing MHP disease outbreaks. These proposals are meant as an initial step towards a harmonized transboundary outbreak response framework that integrates current scientific understanding adapted to practical intervention.

LanguageEnglish
Article number295
JournalBMC Veterinary Research
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Aug 2019

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wildlife diseases
Disease Management
Disease Outbreaks
wildlife
disease control
pathogens
animal health
Public Health
Guidelines
descriptive studies
Wild Animals
wild animals
Agriculture
risk assessment
decision making
Decision Making
public health
agriculture
monitoring
Health

Keywords

  • Coordination
  • Decision-making framework
  • Emerging infectious diseases
  • Europe
  • Integrated management
  • Policy making
  • Proportionate management
  • Risk assessment
  • Wildlife
  • Zoonosis

Cite this

Portier, J., Ryser-Degiorgis, M. P., Hutchings, M. R., Monchâtre-Leroy, E., Richomme, C., Larrat, S., ... Artois, M. (2019). Multi-host disease management: The why and the how to include wildlife. BMC Veterinary Research, 15(1), [295]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12917-019-2030-6
Portier, Julien ; Ryser-Degiorgis, Marie Pierre ; Hutchings, Mike R. ; Monchâtre-Leroy, Elodie ; Richomme, Céline ; Larrat, Sylvain ; Van Der Poel, Wim H.M. ; Dominguez, Morgane ; Linden, Annick ; Santos, Patricia Tavares ; Warns-Petit, Eva ; Chollet, Jean Yves ; Cavalerie, Lisa ; Grandmontagne, Claude ; Boadella, Mariana ; Bonbon, Etienne ; Artois, Marc. / Multi-host disease management: The why and the how to include wildlife. In: BMC Veterinary Research. 2019 ; Vol. 15, No. 1.
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abstract = "In recent years, outbreaks caused by multi-host pathogens (MHP) have posed a serious challenge to public and animal health authorities. The frequent implication of wildlife in such disease systems and a lack of guidelines for mitigating these diseases within wild animal populations partially explain why the outbreaks are particularly challenging. To face these challenges, the French Ministry of Agriculture launched a multi-disciplinary group of experts that set out to discuss the main wildlife specific concepts in the management of MHP disease outbreaks and how to integrate wildlife in the disease management process. This position paper structures the primary specific concepts of wildlife disease management, as identified by the working group. It is designed to lay out these concepts for a wide audience of public and/or animal health officers who are not necessarily familiar with wildlife diseases. The group's discussions generated a possible roadmap for the management of MHP diseases. This roadmap is presented as a cycle for which the main successive step are: step 1-descriptive studies and monitoring; step 2-risk assessment; step 3-management goals; step 4-management actions and step 5-assessment of the management plan. In order to help choose the most adapted management actions for all involved epidemiological units, we integrated a decision-making framework (presented as a spreadsheet). This tool and the corresponding guidelines for disease management are designed to be used by public and health authorities when facing MHP disease outbreaks. These proposals are meant as an initial step towards a harmonized transboundary outbreak response framework that integrates current scientific understanding adapted to practical intervention.",
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Portier, J, Ryser-Degiorgis, MP, Hutchings, MR, Monchâtre-Leroy, E, Richomme, C, Larrat, S, Van Der Poel, WHM, Dominguez, M, Linden, A, Santos, PT, Warns-Petit, E, Chollet, JY, Cavalerie, L, Grandmontagne, C, Boadella, M, Bonbon, E & Artois, M 2019, 'Multi-host disease management: The why and the how to include wildlife', BMC Veterinary Research, vol. 15, no. 1, 295. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12917-019-2030-6

Multi-host disease management: The why and the how to include wildlife. / Portier, Julien; Ryser-Degiorgis, Marie Pierre; Hutchings, Mike R.; Monchâtre-Leroy, Elodie; Richomme, Céline; Larrat, Sylvain; Van Der Poel, Wim H.M.; Dominguez, Morgane; Linden, Annick; Santos, Patricia Tavares; Warns-Petit, Eva; Chollet, Jean Yves; Cavalerie, Lisa; Grandmontagne, Claude; Boadella, Mariana; Bonbon, Etienne; Artois, Marc.

In: BMC Veterinary Research, Vol. 15, No. 1, 295, 14.08.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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T1 - Multi-host disease management: The why and the how to include wildlife

AU - Portier, Julien

AU - Ryser-Degiorgis, Marie Pierre

AU - Hutchings, Mike R.

AU - Monchâtre-Leroy, Elodie

AU - Richomme, Céline

AU - Larrat, Sylvain

AU - Van Der Poel, Wim H.M.

AU - Dominguez, Morgane

AU - Linden, Annick

AU - Santos, Patricia Tavares

AU - Warns-Petit, Eva

AU - Chollet, Jean Yves

AU - Cavalerie, Lisa

AU - Grandmontagne, Claude

AU - Boadella, Mariana

AU - Bonbon, Etienne

AU - Artois, Marc

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N2 - In recent years, outbreaks caused by multi-host pathogens (MHP) have posed a serious challenge to public and animal health authorities. The frequent implication of wildlife in such disease systems and a lack of guidelines for mitigating these diseases within wild animal populations partially explain why the outbreaks are particularly challenging. To face these challenges, the French Ministry of Agriculture launched a multi-disciplinary group of experts that set out to discuss the main wildlife specific concepts in the management of MHP disease outbreaks and how to integrate wildlife in the disease management process. This position paper structures the primary specific concepts of wildlife disease management, as identified by the working group. It is designed to lay out these concepts for a wide audience of public and/or animal health officers who are not necessarily familiar with wildlife diseases. The group's discussions generated a possible roadmap for the management of MHP diseases. This roadmap is presented as a cycle for which the main successive step are: step 1-descriptive studies and monitoring; step 2-risk assessment; step 3-management goals; step 4-management actions and step 5-assessment of the management plan. In order to help choose the most adapted management actions for all involved epidemiological units, we integrated a decision-making framework (presented as a spreadsheet). This tool and the corresponding guidelines for disease management are designed to be used by public and health authorities when facing MHP disease outbreaks. These proposals are meant as an initial step towards a harmonized transboundary outbreak response framework that integrates current scientific understanding adapted to practical intervention.

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KW - Coordination

KW - Decision-making framework

KW - Emerging infectious diseases

KW - Europe

KW - Integrated management

KW - Policy making

KW - Proportionate management

KW - Risk assessment

KW - Wildlife

KW - Zoonosis

U2 - 10.1186/s12917-019-2030-6

DO - 10.1186/s12917-019-2030-6

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Portier J, Ryser-Degiorgis MP, Hutchings MR, Monchâtre-Leroy E, Richomme C, Larrat S et al. Multi-host disease management: The why and the how to include wildlife. BMC Veterinary Research. 2019 Aug 14;15(1). 295. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12917-019-2030-6