Multi-Dimensional Classification of System-of-Systems

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3 Citations (Scopus)


An increasing number of application domains have to deal with system-of-systems (SoS) with the purpose to design or integrate a number of systems to create value that cannot be obtained from single systems alone. Although there seems to be a general understanding of what an SoS is, different types of SoS appear to be needed for different contexts. A number of studies have distinguished these different types of SoS and proposed various classifications. In general, though, each study proposes a classification from a particular, fixed perspective, which as such leads to a limited view of the SoS. This paper proposes a novel multi-dimensional classification approach that builds on and enhances the reported existing classifications. In contrast to previous studies, a multidimensional classification of SoS is presented that has been derived after a thorough domain analysis process. The multidimensional classification is represented as a feature diagram that defines seven perspectives, with a total of 26 different types of SoSs, from which multiple different configuration types can be derived.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2019 14th Annual Conference System of Systems Engineering (SoSE)
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of a meeting held 19-22 May 2019, Anchorage, Alaska, USA
ISBN (Print)9781728104560
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2019
Event14th Annual System of Systems Engineering Conference: “Internet of Things as System of Systems” - Anchorage, United States
Duration: 19 May 201922 May 2019
Conference number: 14


Conference14th Annual System of Systems Engineering Conference
Abbreviated titleSoSE 2019
Country/TerritoryUnited States
Internet address


  • Classification
  • Feature-driven modeling
  • System of systems


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