Muddy waters and the Wadden Sea harbours

E. van Eekelen, M.J. Baptist, P. Dankers, B.T. Grasmeijer, T. van Kessel, D.S. van Maren

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference paperProfessional

Abstract

Several harbours along the Dutch Wadden Sea deal with large siltation rates and limited possibilities for developments. However, development of new harbour activities is needed for these harbours to be able to survive in the long run. As these harbours lie in or close to areas with a protected status, expansion is not straightforward. In this paper we illustrate that harbour development is possible when a Building with Nature approach is used. This approach facilitates a design in which the proactive utilization and/or provision of ecosystem services serves as part of the engineering solution. We introduce four Building with Nature concepts that can be used in harbour designs, i.e. 1) optimising dredging strategies, 2) enhancing saltmarsh development, 3) creating estuarine gradients, and 4) optimising flow patterns. Based on these concepts, three case studies have been identified and pilot projects initiated. In the Port of Harlingen a pilot has started in which an optimized dredging strategy is combined with saltmarsh development. Around the Port of Delfzijl an estuarine gradient is combined with a salt marsh. For the Port of Den Helder a new design was proposed in which the concepts of enhancing salt marsh development, creating estuarine gradients and optimizing flow patterns are combined. Our conclusion is that even in a UNESCO listed site such as the Wadden Sea, harbour development is possible when ecosystem services are used and provided for, and when a Building with Nature concept is put at the heart of an engineering design.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 2016
EventProceedings WODCON XXI - Miami, Florida, United States
Duration: 13 Jun 201617 Jun 2016
https://westerndredging.org/index.php/woda-conference-presentations/category/121-2016-wodcon-xxi-conference-in-houston-texas

Conference

ConferenceProceedings WODCON XXI
CountryUnited States
CityMiami, Florida
Period13/06/1617/06/16
Internet address

Fingerprint

harbor
saltmarsh
water
dredging
ecosystem service
flow pattern
engineering
siltation
UNESCO
Wadden Sea
den

Keywords

  • ecosystem services
  • Building with nature
  • cohesive sediment
  • harbour development
  • Wetland restoration

Cite this

van Eekelen, E., Baptist, M. J., Dankers, P., Grasmeijer, B. T., van Kessel, T., & van Maren, D. S. (2016). Muddy waters and the Wadden Sea harbours. Paper presented at Proceedings WODCON XXI, Miami, Florida, United States.
van Eekelen, E. ; Baptist, M.J. ; Dankers, P. ; Grasmeijer, B.T. ; van Kessel, T. ; van Maren, D.S. / Muddy waters and the Wadden Sea harbours. Paper presented at Proceedings WODCON XXI, Miami, Florida, United States.11 p.
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van Eekelen, E, Baptist, MJ, Dankers, P, Grasmeijer, BT, van Kessel, T & van Maren, DS 2016, 'Muddy waters and the Wadden Sea harbours' Paper presented at Proceedings WODCON XXI, Miami, Florida, United States, 13/06/16 - 17/06/16, .

Muddy waters and the Wadden Sea harbours. / van Eekelen, E.; Baptist, M.J.; Dankers, P.; Grasmeijer, B.T.; van Kessel, T.; van Maren, D.S.

2016. Paper presented at Proceedings WODCON XXI, Miami, Florida, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference paperProfessional

TY - CONF

T1 - Muddy waters and the Wadden Sea harbours

AU - van Eekelen, E.

AU - Baptist, M.J.

AU - Dankers, P.

AU - Grasmeijer, B.T.

AU - van Kessel, T.

AU - van Maren, D.S.

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Several harbours along the Dutch Wadden Sea deal with large siltation rates and limited possibilities for developments. However, development of new harbour activities is needed for these harbours to be able to survive in the long run. As these harbours lie in or close to areas with a protected status, expansion is not straightforward. In this paper we illustrate that harbour development is possible when a Building with Nature approach is used. This approach facilitates a design in which the proactive utilization and/or provision of ecosystem services serves as part of the engineering solution. We introduce four Building with Nature concepts that can be used in harbour designs, i.e. 1) optimising dredging strategies, 2) enhancing saltmarsh development, 3) creating estuarine gradients, and 4) optimising flow patterns. Based on these concepts, three case studies have been identified and pilot projects initiated. In the Port of Harlingen a pilot has started in which an optimized dredging strategy is combined with saltmarsh development. Around the Port of Delfzijl an estuarine gradient is combined with a salt marsh. For the Port of Den Helder a new design was proposed in which the concepts of enhancing salt marsh development, creating estuarine gradients and optimizing flow patterns are combined. Our conclusion is that even in a UNESCO listed site such as the Wadden Sea, harbour development is possible when ecosystem services are used and provided for, and when a Building with Nature concept is put at the heart of an engineering design.

AB - Several harbours along the Dutch Wadden Sea deal with large siltation rates and limited possibilities for developments. However, development of new harbour activities is needed for these harbours to be able to survive in the long run. As these harbours lie in or close to areas with a protected status, expansion is not straightforward. In this paper we illustrate that harbour development is possible when a Building with Nature approach is used. This approach facilitates a design in which the proactive utilization and/or provision of ecosystem services serves as part of the engineering solution. We introduce four Building with Nature concepts that can be used in harbour designs, i.e. 1) optimising dredging strategies, 2) enhancing saltmarsh development, 3) creating estuarine gradients, and 4) optimising flow patterns. Based on these concepts, three case studies have been identified and pilot projects initiated. In the Port of Harlingen a pilot has started in which an optimized dredging strategy is combined with saltmarsh development. Around the Port of Delfzijl an estuarine gradient is combined with a salt marsh. For the Port of Den Helder a new design was proposed in which the concepts of enhancing salt marsh development, creating estuarine gradients and optimizing flow patterns are combined. Our conclusion is that even in a UNESCO listed site such as the Wadden Sea, harbour development is possible when ecosystem services are used and provided for, and when a Building with Nature concept is put at the heart of an engineering design.

KW - ecosystem services

KW - Building with nature

KW - cohesive sediment

KW - harbour development

KW - Wetland restoration

M3 - Conference paper

ER -

van Eekelen E, Baptist MJ, Dankers P, Grasmeijer BT, van Kessel T, van Maren DS. Muddy waters and the Wadden Sea harbours. 2016. Paper presented at Proceedings WODCON XXI, Miami, Florida, United States.