Mucosal pentraxin (Mptx), a novel rat gene 10-fold down-regulated in colon by dietary heme

C. van der Meer - van Kraaij, E.M.M. van Lieshout, E.H.M. Kramer, R. van der Meer, J. Keijer

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    26 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Consumption of red meat is associated with increased colon cancer risk. Our previous work indicated that this association might be due to the heme content of red meat. In rat studies, dietary heme increased colonic cytotoxicity and epithelial cell turnover, carcinogenesis biomarkers. Here we apply DNA microarray technology to examine effects of heme on colonic gene expression. A rat colon-specific microarray was constructed and hybridized in duplicate to RNA extracts from colon scrapings of rats fed diets with or without heme (n=6¿7). We were able to reproducibly identify changes in colonic mRNA abundance in response to heme. Most striking was a >10-fold down-regulation of a single rat gene, an unprecedented gene-modulating effect of a dietary component. Based on homology, the novel gene encodes a pentraxin, the first identified in colon. Pentraxins are postulated to be involved in dealing with dying cells. Quantitative PCR confirmed the strong heme-induced down-regulation of this gene, which we named mucosal pentraxin (Mptx). Overall, our data support the efficacy of cDNA array expression profiling to investigate effects of specific nutrients in an in vivo system and may provide an approach to establishing markers for diet-induced stress of mammalian colonic mucosa.¿van der Meer-van Kraaij, C., van Lieshout, E. M. M., Kramer, E., van der Meer, R., Keijer, J. Mucosal pentraxin (Mptx), a novel rat gene 10-fold down-regulated in colon by dietary heme.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1277-1285
    JournalFASEB Journal
    Volume17
    Issue number10
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2003

    Keywords

    • amyloid-p component
    • c-reactive protein
    • red meat
    • colorectal-cancer
    • expression
    • microarray
    • binding
    • risk
    • fat
    • pcr

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