To increase understanding of the mechanisms involved in leaf-area expansion in the Poaceae, effects of environmental factors on leaf growth of the non-tillering species maize (Zea mays L.) were analysed quantitatively. A growth chamber experiment was carried out with maize cv. Luna including different combinations of temperature (day/night temperatures 13/8, 18/13, 23/18 and 28/23°C) and photosynthetic-photon-flux density (PPFD) (104, 185 and 277 micro mol m-2 s-1). At 13/8°C, a large proportion of the plants died due to prolonged exposure to cold stress. Both high temperatures and high PPFDs increased leaf-appearance rate. Maximum leaf width was highest at intermediate temperatures and high PPFDs, and was strongly related to specific-leaf weight (R²adj=0.88). Leaf-elongation rate increased and leaf-elongation duration decreased with temperature, the resultant being a maximum final leaf length at 23/18°C. Leaf length decreased slightly with PPFD, caused by a shorter leaf-elongation duration. Leaf shape has been described with a new function and was different for Leaves 1 and 2 than for higher-positioned leaves. Leaf width was closely associated with specific leaf weight. The observed relationships can be used in dynamic simulation of leaf area based on plant morphology.
|Journal||Netherlands Journal of Agricultural Science|
|Publication status||Published - 2000|
Bos, H. J., Tijani-Eniola, H., & Struik, P. C. (2000). Morphological analysis of leaf growth of maize : responses to temperature and light intensity. Netherlands Journal of Agricultural Science, 48(2), 181-198.