Monodisperse Nanocrystal Superparticles through a Source-Sink Emulsion System

Emanuele Marino, Sjoerd W. Van Dongen, Steven J. Neuhaus, Weixingyue Li, Austin W. Keller, Cherie R. Kagan, Thomas E. Kodger, Christopher B. Murray*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Superparticles made from colloidal nanocrystals have recently shown great promise in bridging the nanoscale and mesoscale, building artificial materials with properties designed from the bottom-up. As these properties depend on the dimension of the superparticle, there is a need for a general method to produce monodisperse nanocrystal superparticles. Here, we demonstrate an approach that readily yields spherical nanocrystal superparticles with a polydispersity as low as 2%. This method relies on the controlled densification of the nanocrystal-containing "source"emulsion by the swelling of a secondary "sink"emulsion. We show that this strategy is general and rapid, yielding monodisperse superparticles with controllable sizes and morphologies, including core/shell structures, within a few minutes. The superparticles show a high optical quality that results in lasing through the whispering-gallery modes of the spherical structure, with an average quality factor of 1600. Assembling superparticles into small clusters selects the wavelength of the lasing modes, demonstrating an example of collective photonic behavior of these artificial solids.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2779-2789
JournalChemistry of materials
Volume34
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Mar 2022

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