Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) has recently been segregated into two genotypes, namely, BVDV 1 and BVDV 2. Viruses of the BVDV 2 genotype are a cause of hemorrhagic and acute fatal disease in cattle in the US and Canada. In this study, monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) to the newly described BVDV 2 were produced after immunization with virus or a combination of virus and E2 peptide. From an original panel of 17 mAbs, 13 mAbs were identified as E2-specific by reactivity with a BVDV 2 recombinant E2 protein expressed in insect cells. Nine E2 mAbs were observed to be virus-neutralizing. The E2 epitopes represented by the mAbs were found to be highly conserved among BVDV 2 isolates associated with hemorrhagic or severe disease in cattle. Except for one virus-neutralizing E2 mAb, the mAbs showed few or relatively weak cross-reactions with BVDV 1. Two non-neutralizing E2 mAbs were BVDV 2-specific. In contrast to BVDV 1 for which conserved neutralizing epitopes have been mapped in one immunodominant domain, the virus-neutralizing E2 mAbs produced to BVDV 2 were found to bind to highly conserved epitopes in three antigenic domains. Copyright (C) 1998 Elsevier Science B.V.
- Monoclonal antibodies
- Type 2 bovine viral diarrhea virus