Projects per year
n response to the article of Hallman et al . (2017) on the drastic decline in biomass of insects in 31 natural reserves in Germany and the subsequent report of Kleijn et al. (2018) on the data and knowledge gaps on the trends in insect populations in The Netherlands a debate was carried out by the house of representatives. During this debate a motion was filed and accepted on the development of long-term monitoring and research program on the trends in insect populations in agricultural areas. In response to this the Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality asked Wageningen Environmental Research to develop a vision and a plan of action for the monitoring of insects in The Netherlands. The starting points of this vision, apart from the existing biodiversity policy, are the foreseen transition in the agricultural sector as mentioned in the vision of the Minister of Agriculture, Natura and Food Quality on the circular agriculture and the expected contribution to the conservation and restoration of biodiversity. In doing so the connection and coherence between agriculture and nature has been given special attention, as most of the biodiversity is restricted to natural areas and natural areas are of utmost importance for the restoration of biodiversity in agricultural areas. A comprehensive set of indicators is proposed based on the three dimensions of a nature inclusive circular agriculture, namely caring for the conservation and restoration of biodiversity, better use of functional biodiversity and lowering the impact on biodiversity. A first proposal has been made how to operationalize these indicators and how to make use of existing monitoring programs, plans/initiatives and pilots.