Monitoring plastic ingestion by the northern fulmar Fulmarus glacialis in the North Sea

J.A. van Franeker, C. Blaize, J. Danielsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

310 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The abundance of plastics in stomachs of northern fulmars from the North Sea is used in the OSPAR Ecological Quality Objective (EcoQO) for marine litter. The preliminary EcoQO defines acceptable ecological quality as the situation where no more than 10% of fulmars exceed a critical level of 0.1 g of plastic in the stomach. During 2003–2007, 95% of 1295 fulmars sampled in the North Sea had plastic in the stomach (on average 35 pieces weighing 0.31 g) and the critical level of 0.1 g of plastic was exceeded by 58% of birds, with regional variations ranging from 48 to 78%. Long term data for the Netherlands since the 1980s show a decrease of industrial, but an increase of user plastics, with shipping and fisheries as the main sources. The EcoQO is now also used as an indicator for Good Environmental Status in the European Marine Strategy Framework Directive
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2609-2615
JournalEnvironmental Pollution
Volume159
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Keywords

  • marine-environment
  • seabirds
  • particles
  • debris
  • atlantic
  • transport
  • pollution
  • lost

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Monitoring plastic ingestion by the northern fulmar Fulmarus glacialis in the North Sea'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this