Monitoring entering and spreading of emulsion droplets at an expanding air/water interface : a novel technique'

N.E. Hotrum, T. van Vliet, M.A. Cohen Stuart, G.A. van Aken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The entering and spreading of emulsion droplets at quiescent and expanding air/water interfaces was studied using a new apparatus consisting of a modified Langmuir trough in which the air/water interface can be continuously expanded by means of rollers in the place of traditional barriers. When sodium caseinate and whey protein isolate-stabilized emulsion droplets were injected under the surface of sodium caseinate and whey protein isolate solutions, respectively, it appeared that the droplets entered the air/water interface only if the air/water surface pressure did not exceed a threshold value of ~15 mN/m. This condition was satisfied either under quiescent conditions for low protein concentrations or by continuous expansion of the interface at higher protein concentrations. According to equilibrium thermodynamics, entering of the droplets and the formation of lenses should occur for all the systems investigated, but this was not observed. At surface pressures higher than ~15 mN/m, immersed emulsion droplets were metastable. This is probably due to a kinetic barrier caused by the formation of a thin water film bounded by protein adsorption layers between the emulsion droplet and the air/water interface.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-131
JournalJournal of Colloid and Interface Science
Volume247
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002

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